Sod Removal, Soil Prep and Weed Control

Garden beds are a great way to lay out a vegetable garden. DIY shows how to clear the space, prep the soil and shield against weeds.

Materials and Tools:

Sod cutter
Pitchfork or garden fork
Cordless drill
Circular Saw
Framing Square
3" Galvanized Wood screws
2" x 12" lumber, 4 pieces per raised planter box
Heavy boots or shoes
Safety glasses
Ear protection


1. Set the depth of the cutting blade on the sod cutter following the manufacturer's instructions. Start the cutter. To operate the machine walk behind it, making sure to cut right up against the previous strip so that you won't miss any grass. A sod cutter is a fast and efficient way to remove grass and weeds from your garden plot because it cuts the roots rather than the stems. Cutting the roots makes it much more difficult for the grass to grow back. Continue cutting strips until all of the grass in the garden is loose. If you rent a sod cutter, be sure to get specific instructions for the model you're renting.

2. Remove all of the rolls of sod from the area so that the weeds won't come back in the garden. You definitely want to compost garden waste since it makes great mulch and fertilizer, but in the case of weeds it's better to discard them. It takes a long time for weed seeds to break down and you don't want them to grow in your compost pile since you'll be using the compost in the garden later on.

3. Till the soil. Start the tiller according to the manufacturer's instructions. Walk behind the tiller and let the weight of the tiller sink the tines into the ground. Several passes through the area are needed to get the soil loose and turned over. If you rent a tiller, be sure to get the safety instructions on its use. Tillers are helpful garden tools because they're powerful, so be sure to use them carefully. Tilling is an excellent way to break up hard, compacted soil. The tines of the tiller stir up the soil, making tiny air pockets that plant roots need to grow. Tilling is also a great way to mix amendments into a new garden plot, especially if the soil is clay.

The best way to block weeds along these walkways is to add four or five layers of newspaper to each path; this will be thick enough to last all season. Weed seeds can't germinate in the dark, so the paper helps keep weeds at bay. A top dressing of 2-3 inches of hay will keep the paths cool, but be sure any hay you use is weed free or you'll actually add more weeds than you're preventing. Keeping weeds out of your garden is critical to its success since weeds steal moisture and nutrients away from your vegetables.

Unroll landscape fabric in the walkways and use a pair of scissors to cut the fabric to length. If you don't want to use landscape fabric you could use black plastic, just be sure to make a few small holes in it to allow water to drain through. Be sure to overlap the fabric to insure weeds will not come up between the edges.

Add mulch into the garden paths. Use a rake to spread it evenly through out the walkways. Be sure to use at least three inches of mulch to keep the weeds out: no sunlight, no weeds!

Keep Reading

Next Up

Easy Weeding Hacks

Got weeds? Get the dirt on natural weed controls.

Keep Garden Beds Weed-Free

When it comes to keeping weeds out of your garden beds, there are a number of options.

Tips on Choosing a Weed Trimmer

Use this advice from DIY experts to choose the best weed trimmer for your lawn.

Weeds as Warnings

Put these unwelcome guests to work and let them tell you what's wrong with your garden.

An Eco-Friendly Way to Win the War against Weeds

Keeping weeds from crowding your squash crop doesn't have to mean lots of harsh chemicals. Here are some natural, easy solutions from DIY.

What Every Gardener Should Know About Weeds and Invasives

Kristine Hanson of The Dirt on Gardening talks with Robert Norris, professor emeritus of plant sciences at University of California Davis, about weeds and invasive plants.

Conducting a Soil Test

By taking a simple soil test, you can improve the health and harvest of your garden by adding the necessary soil amendments.

Easy Pest Control Hacks

Tackle bug problems in the garden with natural pest control techniques.

Fall Soil Preparation

Learn how amending garden soil in the fall can make things a lot easier come spring.

5 Frequent Questions About Yard Prep for Growing Vegetables

Preparing the yard for a vegetable garden may take time, but it will pay off all season long.


Get Social With Us

We love to DIY. You love to DIY. Let's get together.

Consult Our A-Z Guide

Everything You Need to Know

Browse a full list of topics found on the site, from accessories to mudrooms to wreaths.  

How-To Advice and Videos

Get video instructions about kitchens, bathrooms, remodeling, flooring, painting and more.

Watch DIY Downloads Now

Watch DIY Network LIVE

Don't miss your favorite shows in real time online.