Tips for a Raised-Bed Vegetable Garden

Raised-bed vegetable gardening takes very little space and allows vegetables to be grown closer together.

Raised-bed gardening is a great way to grow vegetables – especially if the garden soil is poor or compacted or has poor drainage. And there's no bending over to pull weeds or harvest vegetables.

Building a Raised-Bed Vegetable Garden

Building a Raised-Bed Vegetable Garden

When untreated wood is used, add a plastic liner to protect the wood and prevent the soil from leaching out in heavy rains.

Raised beds take very little space, and can be built right over a concrete patio. Drainage in a raised bed is superior to that in an in-ground garden bed. A 12"-deep bed provides ample room for most vegetable roots.

The soil in raised beds warms up more quickly in spring so planting can be done earlier. And if the bed is narrow, 3' or less, there will be no need to step on the soil and thus it prevents compaction. It's much easier for roots to grow in loose soil.

Don't build a raised bed on a wooden deck: when the bed is full of soil and water, its weight could cause structural damage.

If the raised bed sits directly on the soil, line the planting bed with hardware cloth or chicken wire at building time to prevent visits from burrowing animals such as gophers and moles.

The bed may be made of wood, stone, brick, cinderblocks or any other material from which you can build a base at least 12" deep. Choose a location that gets at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. Almost any type of vegetables can be grown in raised beds. Exceptions are potatoes, whose roots need a lot of room, and corn, which would grow so high that harvesting would be difficult.

How to plant a raised bed:

1. Fill the bed with good-quality potting soil or compost, and rake the surface smooth and level. Remove any rocks or debris.

2. Plants in raised beds may be spaced a little closer together because fertilizer and manure can be concentrated in the small gardening area.

3. Plant lettuce by poking holes in the soil with your finger at 6" intervals, and sprinkle a few seeds into each hole. Once the seeds germinate, thin to one seedling per hole.

4. You can also broadcast seeds over the surface of the raised bed. If you plant carrots, apply fine-textured potting soil over the top of the seeds. Carrots will attract some species of butterflies to your raised beds.

5. Cucumbers may be planted along the edge of the raised bed, where they can trail over the side. Cucumbers will grow right on top of your patio.

6. Water the garden well immediately after planting.

Next Up

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Incorporating Vegetables Into Flower Beds

If you're limited on space for a vegetable garden, incorporate veggies into existing flower beds.

Raised Bed Gardens

A raised bed garden remains neat and tidy all season long with well-defined walking areas between the beds.

Controlling Pests and Diseases on Pea Plants

Protect and maintain pea plants by taking a few simple, effective steps.

Tips for Planting a Raised Bed

Almost any plant will grow well in a raised bed. Follow these tips for keeping plants healthy.

Growing Cucumbers Vertically

Cucumbers feel right at home growing vertically, either on a trellis or in a tomato cage.

Professional Tips for Outstanding Okra

Learn about the best ways to grow okra, along with a wire-and-twine trellis system for tomatoes and different critters that can help a garden grow.

Types of Rutabaga

With nearly a dozen rutabaga types on offer from breeders and growers, the Laurentian rutabaga usually comes out on top for ease of growing.

Growing Rutabaga From Seeds

No need to start rutabaga seeds indoors and then transplant, as these trusty plants grow readily from seeds sown outdoors.

What's the Difference Between a Sweet Potato and a Yam

If it has brown skin and white flesh, it is still a sweet potato not a yam. White sweet potatoes are grown more often than their orange counterparts.

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