Purchase the Seeds

Radicchio is a spring or fall green with a sharp, slightly bitter taste. While some gardeners start the seeds indoors for later transplanting, most simply sow the seeds directly into the garden bed. Popular varieties include Red Surprise and Verona Red.

Step 1

Prepare the Site

Radicchio likes fertile, well-drained soil in a mostly sunny location. With a garden fork, work some compost or soil conditioner into the top 5" or 6" of soil. Form rows in the garden bed approximately 24" part.

Step 2

How to Plant and Water Your Radicchio

Planting and Watering the Radicchio

Sprinkle the seeds in rows; it's ok if the seeds overlap. Then, cover the seeds with a thin covering--about 3/4"--of soil and lightly water them. Be sure to keep the bed moist until the seeds begin to germinate.

Plant the Radicchio

Sprinkle seeds along the rows. It is fine if seeds overlap as the seedlings will be thinned later on. Cover the seeds with 1/4" of fine garden soil and gently water them in. Keep the bed moist until the seeds germinate.

Step 3

Thin the Seedlings

The radicchio seeds should germinate in about a week. When the seedlings are 1" tall, thin them so that the plants are spaced 8" to 15" apart. To remove them, simply snip the plants at the soil line with a pair of scissors.

Step 4

How to Cultivate Your Radicchio

Cultivating Your Radicchio

A secret to growing great radicchio is to give it plenty of water. When the crops get dry, their leaves tend to turn bitter. Add a generoud layer of organic mulch over the roots of the radicchio to cool the roots, prevent weeds and conserve moisture.

Cultivate the Radicchio

One of the secrets to growing radicchio is to give it plenty of water. When the plants get drought-stressed, the leaves turn tough and bitter. Add a generous layer of mulch around the base of the plants to cool the roots, prevent weeds and maintain adequate moisture.

Pro Tip

If the plants send up a flower stalk instead of forming a head, cut off the stalk near the ground to encourage the formation of a new head.

Step 5

Harvesting Your Radicchio

When to Harvest

Red surprise, a head forming radicchio, is typically ready to harvest three months after planting. Its tight, perfectly shaped heads, about the size of a baseball, have maroon leaves with creamy white veins.

Harvest the Radicchio

Radicchio matures in about 80 to 90 days. As soon as the heads are compact, firm and about the size of a baseball, simply cut the plant off at the soil line with a sharp knife. It's best to eat radicchio soon after harvesting it, but it will keep for as long as a week in the refrigerator.