Host Jeff Wilson will take a look at the walls of your new home: how they're constructed, the exterior walls and the interior walls.
More in Remodeling
Walls: How Are They Made?
The single most common material used in house framing in the United States is wood; however, steel and concrete are being used regionally. In Southern areas there will be concrete walls partly because of the hurricanes and termites. But most homes still use wood for a few reasons:
Wooden Frame Construction
The most common wall built is the wooden frame construction.
Note: If you have a wall and a long-planed surface, the wall could tend to move outward and to flex. The structural integrity is preserved by those two top plates that are attached together, thereby creating a rim.
A header spans the top of a window, door, archway or walkway, and it preserves the structural integrity and distributes the weight across and to the sides of a framed rough opening. The header is usually a piece of wood that bears the weight of anything above.
And the cripple studs are the studs that actually bear the header.
Note: Walls and sectors are frequently framed flat on the ground, and then they are simply lifted up into place and attached. This is called tilt-up construction.
Walls can fall into two categories:
Did You Know? — On average about one-sixth of the wood delivered to a construction site is never used. It's simply hauled away as waste.