The key to a sucessful paint job is prep and having the right equipment. Learn about the different type paintbrushes, rollers, sprayers and more.
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There are several different designs of roller and frame. Large rollers can cover flat surfaces such as ceilings and walls quickly and efficiently, although be aware that very large rollers may be tiring to use. Mini-rollers are available for woodwork, although they tend not to provide as pleasing a finish as a brush. Rollers are best used with water-based paints. Cleaning a roller of oil- or solvent-based paints is difficult. It is best to simply throw away the sleeve and buy a new one. The best roller sleeves are pure sheepskin, although synthetic sheepskin also provides a good finish. Smooth, medium and rough sleeves are available, and should be chosen to match the texture of the surface being painted. Other sleeve materials may produce a rough finish or shed fluff.
Extension Pole (image 1)
Attaches to the roller-cage handle to extend your reach. Buy a pole that is compatible with your roller.
Radiator Roller Frame (image 2)
Used with mini-rollers. The long handle lets you gain access to wall surfaces behind radiators.
Roller Cage (image 3)
The cage holds the roller sleeve and is attached to a handle. Be sure when choosing a replacement sleeve that it fits the cage you are using.
Roller Sleeves (image 4)
These fit onto the cage. Rough to smooth textures are available.
Roller Tray (image 5)
A reservoir for holding paint that also has flatter, ribbed area adjacent to the reservoir, used for distributing paint evenly over the roller surface. The tray needs to be of the same width as your roller.
Mini-Roller Kit (image 6)
A miniature roller cage, tray and sleeve, designed for painting smaller surfaces and for using with a radiator roller frame.
These are designed to cover large, flat surfaces quickly and effortlessly. The flat pads have a painting surface composed of many tiny, tightly-packed bristles.
Paint Pad Frame (image 1)
Holds the pad and provides a handle.
Paint Pads (image 2)
Replaceable pads of different sizes are attached to the frame for use.
Mini Paint Pad (image 3)
Useful for more detailed work.
Paint Pad Tray (image 4)
Similar to a roller tray. Some designs have a wheel that distributes paint evenly onto the pad.
Use these special tools to create different paint effects.
Comb (image 1)
Several different tooth sizes create straight or curved lines of different widths.
Rocker (image 2)
Creates a wood-grain pattern in paint or glaze.
Natural Sponge (image 3)
Used to apply or remove paint to make mottled, cloudlike effects.
Stencil Brushes (image 1)
For applying paint over a stencil.
Softening Brush (image 2)
Smooth, fine-bristled brush for removing any hard paint lines.
Dragging Brush (image 3)
Extra long and coarse pure bristles create grained effect.
Stippling Brush (image 4)
Block-shaped brush with bristles of the same length, used for creating a velvet-like texture on surfaces.
Excerpted from Do It Yourself Home Improvement
© Dorling Kindersley Limited 2009