Eggplant comes in many shapes and colors, the most common color being dark purple. But white-skinned varieties are tasty and easy to grow, and they give a garden a special twist.
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Eggplant grows best with moderate amounts of nitrogen and high levels of both phosphorous and potassium, so prepare the soil by mixing in a cup of 5-10-10 fertilizer per 5' of row. Eggplant also likes a neutral soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0, and plenty of sun.
Eggplant seedlings can suffer from transplant shock if they are not treated gently, so very carefully take each seedling from its cell pack. It's best to gently tear the cell pack away so you can remove the root ball without damaging it. Set the plants at the same depth they were growing indoors, and place them 18" apart in rows 24" apart.
Eggplant is a warm-season crop that grows best when daytime temperatures are between 80 and 90 degrees and nighttime temperatures are in the 70s. Different varieties have different maturity dates, but most eggplants take about 65 to 85 days from planting to harvest.