Before planning your kitchen renovation, make sure you're familiar with the basic components.
More in Kitchen
Freestanding kitchen appliances — refrigerators, dishwashers, and stoves — are normally just under 1'-8" or 2' wide and around 2'-8" to 2'-11" tall and so should fit into standard kitchens without problems. Built-in appliances are hidden behind doors that match the base cabinets, with cooktops and sinks mounted into the counter top. Many manufacturers also produce both extra-large appliances for large families, and slimline models for small kitchens. New innovations are always coming onto the market, so take time to select appliances that suit your needs best.
Exhaust Fan (Image 1)
Housed in cabinets or the more decorative design of a hood and chimney, exhaust fans may either filter then recirculate air, or vent it out through an exterior wall via a duct that you will need to install.
Sink (Image 2)
Usually, sinks are cut into a countertop. Most, like the one shown here, have a deep side for a garbage disposal.
Stove (Image 3)
These come in gas (seen here) and electric versions. Gas stoves are generally sunk into a countertop. Electric ones can have sealed plates or ceramic tops.
Oven (Image 4)
An oven may be housed in a special cabinet that comes as part of a custom kitchen. Attachment kits will be supplied. Freestanding stoves slide between cabinets.
The carcass structure of a cabinet is ultimately hidden by door fronts, drawer fronts, and a number of other decorative items. If you are happy with your kitchen's current layout but want a new look, changing the finish can be an inexpensive and very effective option. Finishing touches are supplied in styles to suit many different tastes.
Handles and Knobs (Image 1)
For use on door and drawer fronts. Threaded bolts and screws secure them in position.
Door Front (Image 2)
These are manufactured to fit all standard cabinet sizes.
Door Front (Image 3)
Made to fit standard base cabinet drawers. Some act as "dummy" drawer fronts.
Toekicks are installed between the floor and the underside of base cabinets. They may have a vinyl strip on the bottom edge to stop moisture from penetrating the edge when the floor is cleaned. A molding covers up the bottom edge of wall cabinets and scribe molding runs along the top edge of wall cabinets.
Toekick (Image 1) Scribe molding (Image 2)
Excerpted from Do It Yourself Home Improvement
© Dorling Kindersley Limited 2009