Before two boards can be joined they must have perfectly straight edges. That's where a jointer comes in. It's the tool of choice for smoothing edges or cutting corners.
The jointer has a fence for guiding stock through its blade. The fence can be adjusted to cut angles or bevels. The blade is surrounded by an in-feed table and an out-feed table. The in-feed table must be level with or lower than the out-feed table, or the blade won't make contact with the wood. A guard covers the blade to protect the user's hands, and an adjustable depth gauge sets the depth of the cut. Cuts should be no deeper than 1/8 inch per pass.
To use the jointer to smooth edges, feed the wood into the tool with the rough edge facing down. Feed the wood through the jointer as many times as needed to achieve a straight edge. This process is useful for straightening a warped board.
To use the jointer for planing, use a paddle or push-stick to push the wood through the blade with the rough edge facing down. Use this technique to carve imperfections out of wood.
To make a bevel cut with a jointer, adjust the fence to a 45-degree angle. Tighten the fence and lock it into position. Feed the wood through the blade, with the edge to be cut facing down. Several passes may be needed to create the bevel.
The Basics on Cutting Dados
Use this guide to learn more about cutting dados.
When making carefully crafted parts for furniture or cutting the same design into several pieces of wood at once, the band saw is the tool of choice -- and one of the most versatile tools available.
Power Hand-Planer Basics
Handheld planers are designed to smooth the surface of wood. The manual handheld planer is good for smaller projects, but for larger ones, a power planer does the job in a lot less time.
Tips on Using a Spokeshave
Spokeshaves can be used to shape chair spindles and round surfaces. Use these tips to make the most effective cuts.
Power sanders are great for smoothing large surfaces, but for sanding tough areas, a sheet of sandpaper is best. Here's a guide on how to choose the best sandpaper for any project.
Tips on Using Cutting Guides
Cutting a long piece of wood can be difficult unless you have a great tool to assist you. Check out these guides that can make getting the perfect cut easy.
DIY experts explain the uses of a plunge router.
For those tired of swinging a hammer, a pneumatic air nailer may be the answer. Here are a few air nailers that make driving nails faster and more effective.
There's a basic wrench for every job. Here's a short lesson on some of the most common types of wrenches found around a home or workshop.
Levels are used to determine horizontal level and vertical (plumb) alignment. Find out here which level to choose depending on the task.
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