Step 1

Router and Bit

Insert Router Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Inserting a Bit

With the router unplugged and resting on a steady workbench, insert a bit into the collet. Some routers have a protective guard to shield the user from flying debris, but you should always wear safety goggles and a dust mask.

Step 2

Tighten the nut to secure the bit.

Tighten Collet Nut

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Tighten the Collet Nut

Tighten the collet nut with the two wrenches that come with the router, securing the bit in place.

Step 3

Press the router onto the surface.

Using the Router

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Set the Initial Bit Depth

Place the router on a flat surface and loosen the lock lever. Press on the router until the bit touches the surface, and tighten the lock lever.

Step 4

Set Router Depth

Set Router Depth

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Set the Cut Depth

Set the depth stopper to the depth of the cut you want to make. Then loosen the lock lever again and allow the router to lift.

Step 5

Router making contact with the wood

Bring Router Into Contact with Wood

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Start the Router

Start the router and let it reach full speed. Then press on the two handles to lower the bit and bring it into contact with the wood.

Step 6

Move the router across the wood.

Move Router Across Wood

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Start Routing the Cut

Move the router across the wood with its base flat on the surface. Judge the speed according to the cut's depth and the wood's hardness.

Step 7

Making a straight cut

Making a Straight Cut

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Cutting a Straight Line

You may need a fence (guide) to direct the bit for an accurate straight line. Attach the fence to the base plate then butt it against the wood’s straight edge. Make sure it remains in contact with the edge as the router moves across the wood. You will be unable to use the fence if the straight cut is not near the wood’s edge. Instead, use a straight edge as a guide. Clamp the straight edge to the wood and pass the router along it, ensuring that it stays in contact with the straight edge. To cut out an area wider than the bit can make in one pass, use two straight edges.

Step 8

Router Bit Case

Router Bit Case

©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Care, Maintenance and Storage

Check the owner's manual for information on servicing and maintenance. Make sure that you oil the machine as recommended. Most routers are sold in sturdy boxes which are ideal for long-term storage. Use a specially designed case to protect cutting bits when they are not in use.

Step 9

V Groove Bit

V Groove Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

V-Groove Bit

Use this bit to cut a groove with a sharp apex. To create a channel through a section of wood, a groove bit is needed. This type of bit is useful for creating joints. For example, a straight bit can create a recess for jointing to another piece of wood.

Step 10

straight router bit

Straight Router Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Straight Bit

This is used to cut straight, precise lines through a section of wood.

Step 11

Dovetail Bit

Dovetail Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Dovetail Bit

This is designed to make the cuts necessary for dovetail joints in woodworking.

Step 12

Round Over Bit

Round Over Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Round-Over Bit

Edge bits often have a ball bearing in their tips that acts as a guide along the edge of the wood. This eliminates the need for a fence or other guide. This bit produces a uniform rounded edge with a slight rabbet — a finish commonly found in kitchen countertops.

Step 13

Cove Bit

Cove Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Cove Bit

This bit produces a curved channel along the edge of the wood.

Step 14

Chamfer Bit

Chamfer Bit

Photo By: DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement ©2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited View original photo.

DK - Do It Yourself Home Improvement, 2009 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Chamfer Bit

This bit creates an angular 45-degreee chamfered edge.