Step 1

remove old flooring

Remove Old Flooring

This project assumes a clean and level floor. If an old tile floor needs to be removed use a hammer and chisel, a square shovel or, to make quick work of the removal, a hammer chisel. Clean all debris from the sub-floor, damp mop and allow it to dry.

Step 2

trowel smooth and allow to dry

Level the Floor

Use floor leveling compound if necessary. Trowel smooth and allow it to dry.

Step 3

Acclimate Flooring

Set room temperature to a minimum of 68-degrees Fahrenheit and acclimate the flooring to the room in which it will be installed for a minimum of 24 hours before installation.

Step 4

find and mark center line

Mark Center Point

Measure the width of each opposing wall and divide by two to find the center. Mark this as the center point on the wall. Pull a chalk line between center points on facing walls and snap a chalk line on the floor. This creates crossed chalk lines at the center of the room or hallway. Use a carpenter’s square to confirm the lines are perpendicular or 90-degrees to each other. If the lines are not perpendicular adjust one and re-snap the line.

Step 5

dry fit several tiles

Dry Fit the Tile

Place the first tile in the center of the cross hair, aligning each point of the tile on a chalk line. Dry fit several tiles, alternating the grain patterns until certain the pattern is the style desired.

Step 6

spread adhesive on floor using notched trowel

Spread the Adhesive

Remove the dry fit tiles and spread a dollop of adhesive on the floor using the 1/16" notched trowel. Spread adhesive only where the next tile will be placed so that it does not dry before the next tiles is ready to be laid. Continue outward until only tiles abutting the walls remain.

Step 7

Cut the Tiles to Fit

For partial tiles, measure from tiles already in place to the wall. Transfer those marks onto a tile and cut it to fit using a carpenter's square and utility knife to make a clean cut (image 1). Spread adhesive and place the cut edge against the wall (image 2).

Step 8

nail baseboard and shoe molding into place

Cover the Edge

Nail baseboard and shoe molding into place to cover the edge.

Step 9

Roll the Floor

Before the adhesive dries, roll over the tiles with a heavy roller rentable at most home centers or tool rental businesses.