Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Introduction

These instructions are for a ramp that is 8' x 5'. Material quantities will vary for ramp sizes bigger or smaller.

Step 1

Dig Footings

Dig footings at least eigh inches deep at sizes and locations shown relative to your building.

Step 2

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Fill Footings With Gravel

Fill footings with at least six inches of coarse gravel.

Step 3

Level Gravel

Smooth gravel and level with the back of a shovel. Compact gravel with a plate tamp (Image 1), and use a level to ensure it's level in both directions (Image 2).

Step 4

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Place Concrete Deck Blocks

Place concrete deck blocks in two square footings next to the building. Position them centered on the building where the outside of the 4x4 post recesses on both blocks, four to six inches apart.

Step 5

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Place Cap Blocks in Footing

Place cap blocks in footing furthest away from the building ensuring the tops are flat and level.

Step 6

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Backfill Soil

Backfill soil around the cap blocks, and compact with a plate tamp.

Step 7

Cut Posts

Measure and cut two pieces of 4x4 post at a length that will allow it to extend higher than the top of the decking when placed over the deck blocks.

Step 8

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Place 4x4s

Place a 4x4 in each deck block.

Step 9

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Place First 2x8

Place first 2x8 on the right side of the 4x4. Align the bottom of the 2x8 with the bottom of the building, and rest the other end on concrete cap blocks. Temporarily place one deck screw into the 4x4 to hold it in place.

Step 10

Mark Ramp Angle

Using a speed square, make a vertical line on the 2x8 evenly with the front edge of the cap blocks (Image 1). From the top edge of the vertical reference line, mark a line 90 degrees back towards the building on the 2x8 (Image 2).

Pro Tip

For reference, this line should read as level with your 4' level.

Step 11

Cut Along Angled Line

Cut the angled line with a circular saw.

Step 12

Cut Joists

Put the 2x8 back in place. The top of the board should align with the bottom of the building. Using a torpedo level, mark a vertical line on the 2x8 (Image 1), and cut off a small piece with a circular saw (Image 2). Cut three more 2x8s using the already-cut 2x8 as a guide.

Step 13

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Place More Deck Blocks

Place four deck blocks in the center footing. They will align with the angled floor joists in the next steps.

Step 14

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Attach Joists

Cut a 2x8, 5' long, and attach the previously-cut joists with equal spacing using deck screws.

Step 15

Place Ramp Base

Put the assembly in place around the 4x4 posts and flush with the building. Level the 5' 2x8 ledger board with the bottom of the building (Image 1), and temporarily secure side joists to 4x4 posts with a deck screw (Image 2).

Pro Tip

If you want to attach the ramp to the building, create a nailer below the bottom of the building. It is ok to leave this assembly free standing if you choose.

Step 16

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Cut Blocking Sections

Measure the distance between each joist, and cut four blocking sections for each bay out of 2x8s.

Pro Tip

You will need to cut some of the 2x8s more narrow as they get closer to the bottom of the ramp to avoid contact with the soil.

Step 17

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Secure Joists

Secure side joists to 4x4 posts with three deck lags each.

Step 18

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative

Attach Blocking

Attach all blocking with three deck screws at each connection.

Pro Tip

Offsetting blocking, as shown, will give you access to insert screws straight rather than at an angle.

Step 19

Attach Decking

Secure decking of choice (We used 2x6s) on the ramp starting at the building and working your way down using two deck screws per board at each joist. Cut off excess overlap, and use the remaining piece for the next run.

Step 20

Cut Sides

Establish how much overhang you want on both sides, and mark on top with a chalk line (Image 1). Cut excess off with a circular saw (Image 2), and apply desired finish.

Wade Works Creative

Wade Works Creative