Step 1

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Mark Off Paved Area

Use pegs to mark off the paved area. Set them at the height of the finished surface, and join with string. Use a builder’s square to check corner angles are 90 degrees.

Step 2

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Remove Turf

Use a spade to remove turf, or rent a turf cutter for large areas (reuse turf or compost it). Dig out the soil to 6 inches deep, plus the thickness of the paving.

Step 3

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Tamp Down Foundation

Use a hand rammer or powered compactor to tamp down the foundation area. Adjust the marker pegs to ensure the finished surface has a slight gradient for drainage.

Step 4

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Spread Layer of Gravel

Spread a 4-inch-deep layer of gravel over the area, and rake the area level (ensuring you retain the slope). Then tamp firm with a hand rammer or plate compactor.

Step 5

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Level the Gravel

Level out the gravel with sand where necessary. Lay the first pavers along the perimeter string, placing each on five trowelfuls of wet mortar.

Step 6

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Tamp Down Pavers

Use a rubber mallet or the handle of a club hammer to tamp down pavers. Insert spacers to ensure evenly-sized joints, and support the outer slabs.

Step 7

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Remove Spacers

Once the pavers are firm (after a couple days), it is safe to remove the spacers. Brush dry ready-mix mortar into the joints between them. The mortar will harden over a few days.

Step 8

Smooth Grouted Surface Using Brick Jointer

Smooth Grouted Surface Using Brick Jointer

Use a builders trowel to push wet mortar into the gaps of the pavers for a neater finish. Smooth the surface with a brick jointer.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Accomplish a Neater Finish

Use a builder’s trowel to push wet mortar into the gaps, then smooth the surface with a brick jointer. Avoid staining the surface of the pavers.

Step 9

Stone Saw Used to Cut Patio Pavers

Stone Saw Used to Cut Patio Pavers

Use a stone saw to cut patio pavers that need to be fitted to a certain size or shape.

©2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

2011, Dorling Kindersley Limited

Cut Pavers

To finish the patio you may need to cut some pavers to size or shape, using a stone saw. First measure and mark out the cut you need to make, and lay the paver on a deep layer of sand. Holding the stone saw firmly, draw the blade along the desired cut until complete. For your own safety, wear goggles, gloves, ear plugs and a dust mask when cutting.