Tree Shopping List

Learn about several tree varieties and the planting information for each zone.

American Yellowwood

american yellowwood is a low branch deciduous tree

Low-branching deciduous tree with compound leaves and fragrant panicles of white flowers in alternate years.

  • Plant in full sun to light shade.
  • Plant in average to moist, but well-drained soil.
  • Height: 30-45 feet
  • Width: 40-45 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Japanese Stewartia

japanese stewartia flowers resemble camellias

Small deciduous tree with exfoliating bark, dark green foliage and 2-3 inch white flowers resembling camellias in summer.

  • Plant in full sun to partial shade.
  • Plant in rich moist, well-drained soil; does not tolerate drought or heat.
  • Height: 20-40 feet
  • Width: 20-40 feet.

Hardy in USDA zones (4) 5-7:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to light shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.

Chinese Lacebark Elm

chinese lacebark elm has good fall color

Fast-growing deciduous shade tree with exfoliating bark and good fall color.

  • Resistant to Dutch elm disease.
  • Plant in rich moist, well-drained soil.
  • Plant in full sun.
  • Height: 40-50 feet
  • Width: 40-50 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.

Carolina Silverbell

carolina silverbell has white bell like flowers

Low-branching deciduous understory tree with white bell-like flowers in spring and yellow fall color.

  • Plant in rich moist, well-drained acidic soil.
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade.
  • Height: 20-40 feet
  • Width: 15-30 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-8:

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.

Fat Albert Colorado Blue Spruce

fat albert colorado blue Spruce has blue needles

Upright pyramidal evergreen shrub with steel blue needles.

  • Plant in full sun in moist, but well-drained soil.
  • Protect from harsh winds and hot sun.
  • Water to establish and then when dry.
  • Height: 10-15 feet
  • Width: 7-10 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 2-6 (7):

  • Zone 2: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in a sunny area but avoiding hot afternoon sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in a sunny area but avoiding hot afternoon sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds; may be short-lived in this zone, especially with long, hot summers.

Florida Anise Tree

florida anise tree emits a smell similar to anise

Also called purple anise, this evergreen shrub/small tree grows upright and compact from 5 to 10 feet tall.

  • Dark green leaves grow similar to rhododendron leaves.
  • When crushed, the leaves emit a scent similar to anise.
  • The trees produce slender, 2-inch, maroon blossoms in mid-spring. Some say they're
  • fragrant; others say they smell like live fish.
  • When ripe, the shiny, jewel-like seeds literally explode out of the papery star-shaped fruits.
  • Partial to full shade.
  • Warning! The Florida Anise Tree is toxic.

Hardy in USDA zones 6-9:

  • Zone 6: Plant in early spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after first hard frost; prune only if needed in early spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in light to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after first hard frost; prune only if needed in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in light to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after frost; prune only if needed in early spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in light to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed in early spring.

Care for Florida anise tree:

  • Requires almost no maintenance.
  • Tolerates moist soil; should be mulched and watered during prolonged dry spells as it has a tendency to wilt.

Armstrong Red Maple

armstrong red maple has upright columnar habit

Fast-growing deciduous tree with upright columnar habit with red/yellow fall foliage.

  • Smooth gray bark, red flowers in early spring followed by red seeds in summer.
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade with moist, but well-drained soil.
  • Drought tolerant once established.
  • Fertilize in mid spring.
  • Prune during winter to maintain shape and remove weak branches.
  • Height: 45-50 feet
  • Width: 30-40 feet

Hardy in USDA zones (3) 4-9:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; may suffer some tip dieback in this zone.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; apply extra mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; apply extra mulch in fall.

Gold Thread Chamaecyparis

gold thread chamaecyparis holds color year round

Upright conical evergreen conifer with drooping golden foliage that holds color well year round.

  • Slow growing; unusual texture.
  • Interesting evergreen that can be massed together for a screen or used as a specimen.
  • Even though this plant can get large (upwards of 20 feet), the slow growth rate and the ability to be pruned make it useful in smaller landscapes.
  • The colorful foliage, which holds its color well year round, can be used as a backdrop or to complement plants with darker foliage.
  • This conifer handles the southern heat very well.
  • Height: 6-10 feet
  • Width: 3-7 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
  • Zone 6: Plant in early spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.

Care for Gold Thread Chamaecyparis:

  • Plant in organic, but well drained soil; water when dry.
  • Plant in full sun to light shade.

Harry Lauder's Walking Stick

harry lauders walking stick has contorted limbs

Deciduous shrub or small tree with contorted limbs and foliage with yellow-green catkin flowers in winter.

  • Plant in moist, but well drained soil.
  • Prune non-contorted branches at any time, prune others in late winter as needed.
  • Plant in full sun to light shade; flowering is better in sun.
  • Height: 8-10 feet
  • Width: 6-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or very early fall; apply mulch after first hard frost; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; apply mulch in fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.

River Birch

river birch is more pest resistant birch variety

Deciduous tree with shaggy bark dark reddish brown bark.

  • More pest resistant than other birches.
  • Plant in full sun to light shade.
  • Plant in dry to wet soil; tolerates clay; prune in fall as needed.
  • Height: 50-60 feet
  • Width: 30-40 feet

Hardy in zones 4-9:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to salt; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to salt; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Emperor Japanese Maple

emperor japanese maple has deep purple leaves

Small to medium deciduous tree with deep purple leaves that change to red later in the season.

  • Plant in rich, moist but well-drained soil; fertilize in spring.
  • Plant in full sun to light shade; prune while dormant in winter.
  • Height: 20-25 feet
  • Width: 15-20 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-8:

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; red color may wash out in full sun in hot weather.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; red color may wash out in full sun in hot weather.

Skyrocket Juniper

skyrocket juniper is a columnar, evergreen conifer

Columnar, evergreen conifer with gray-green foliage that turns purple in winter.

  • Very narrow and upright.
  • Plant in full sun to light shade.
  • Fertilize in early spring; prune if needed in late winter.
  • Plant in average, moist but well-drained soil.
  • Height: 8-12 feet
  • Width: 2-3 feet

Hardy in zones (3) 4-9:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring; plant may be marginally hardy in this zone.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Ukigumo Japanese Maple

ukigumo japanese maple has variegated foliage

Small to medium deciduous tree with green/white variegated foliage that emerges tinged with pink.

  • Plant in rich, moist but well-drained soil; fertilize in spring.
  • Plant in full sun to light shade; prune while dormant in winter.
  • Height: 6-12 feet
  • Width: 6-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 6-9:

  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; color will be brighter in full sun.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; color will be brighter in full sun.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; color will be brighter in full sun.

Weeping Willow

weeping willow has wispy silver blue branches

  • Plant in average to moist or occasionally wet soil.
  • Plant in full sun.
  • Height: 30-50 feet
  • Width: 20-40 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 6-8:

  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in full sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in full sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells.

Yaupon Holly

yaupon holly can be trimmed into shapes

This is common in coastal states.

  • Full sun to part shade.
  • Can be trimmed into shapes.
  • Leaves are dark green and leathery on top, a lighter color on the underside.
  • Pale bark with gray patches.
  • Low maintenance.
  • Will tolerate the heat, wind and even when it gets dry during the summer months.
  • Grows about 20 feet high and 15 feet wide.
  • It's good to plant male and female hollies together because the females produce copious amounts of red berries. The berries attract birds during the winter months.
  • The berries make great holiday decorations.
  • You can mix one part clear floor wax with two parts water, dip the holly stem in, and your holly will have a beautiful shine throughout the holidays.

Hardy in USDA zones 7-10:

  • Zone 7: Plant in early spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed; prune light to moderately during growing season and hard in late winter.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed; prune light to moderately during growing season and hard in late winter.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed; prune light to moderately during growing season and hard in late winter; great for planting in coastal areas subjected to salt spray.
  • Zone 10: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed; prune light to moderately during growing season and hard in late winter; great for planting in coastal areas subjected to salt spray.

Native Americans used to make a tea with the leaves of the Yaupon Holly and other plants. The tea was called black tea and caused vomiting. That's how the name vomitoria came about; however, it was not the holly leaves that caused the vomiting. The Native Americans apparently drank the tea in excessive amounts, which like most beverages would cause vomiting.

Daybreak Yoshino Cherry

daybreak yoshino cherry has showy spring blooms

Deciduous tree with showy white to soft pink flowers in early spring.

  • Fast-growing tree popularized by the Washington Cherry Blossom Festival.
  • Plant in full sun for best flowering; prune, if needed, after flowering.
  • Fertilize in spring.
  • Height: 25-35 feet
  • Width: 25-40 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-8:

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in full sun; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost; pull back mulch in spring; flower buds may be damaged by late frosts.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch after first frost; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun; mulch after first frost; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun; mulch after first frost; pull back mulch in spring.

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