When to Plant Carrots

Carrots are sown in the early spring to be harvested in the summer.
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Carrots are grown as a cool season crop which means the seeds are sown when soil temperatures reach about 50 degrees F in the early spring. This will vary depending on where you live in the country. Purchasing and using a soil thermometer is the best way to ensure what your soil temperature reading is with every year. It is a fairly inexpensive purchase from your local garden center that you will use over and over again throughout your gardening years. Eventually, the planting time annually will be around the same time and it will become clear with this useful tool. Setting a reminder on your calendar or phone will be handy and a great reference tool.

Seed germination typically occurs at 55 to 75 degrees F being optimal for this crop. Carrots are most often directly sown into the soil and not transplanted from seedling as it could disrupt the growth of the taproot. Depending on the variety of carrot that is planted, the harvest can occur from as little as 50 days after planting to 100 days. Harvesting carrots is done in the summer months. Since each variety varies on harvest times, it is important to check this information on the seed packet.

Root Vegetables: Carrots, Beets, Parsnips

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Carrot ‘Parmex’

Dumpy, spherical roots make this one of the best carrots for sowing into patio pots or shallow soil. Despite their shape, they have a fine sweet flavor. The earliest crops can be sown under glass or protected with cloches.

Sow: Early to late spring
Harvest: Late spring to early fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Carrot 'Infinity’ F1

This late maincrop carrot has an elegant, slender root that is delicious raw or cooked. The sweet carrots are deep orange right to their core and keep well in the soil into fall or can be lifted and stored successfully.

Sow: Early spring to midsummer
Harvest: Late summer to late fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Carrot ‘Purple Haze’ F1

As its name suggests, this variety has unconventional dark purple roots, which reveal contrasting orange cores when they are sliced. Flavor is not sacrificed and is particularly good when raw.

Sow: Early spring to early summer
Harvest: Early summer to late fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening

Carrot 'Bangor’ F1

Long, stocky roots are produced in large quantities, especially in moist soil, by this excellent maincrop variety. Crops can be harvested from late summer and throughout fall, and store well once lifted.

Sow: Mid-spring to early summer
Harvest: Midsummer to late fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Carrot ‘Flyaway’ F1

Specially bred to be less prone to attack by carrot flies, this maincrop carrot produces good crops where the pest would render others inedible. The stout, cylindrical roots are smooth-skinned and sugary.

Sow: Early spring to midsummer
Harvest: Late spring to mid-fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Carrot ‘Carson’ F1

Fall and winter bring good cropsof this medium-sized, tapering variety. The rich orange color, combined with the delicious crunchy texture and sweetness, makes them irresistible when eaten raw.

Sow: Mid-spring to midsummer
Harvest: Late summer to early winter
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Beet ‘Boltardy’

A reliable variety yielding traditional deep red globe-shaped roots with a fine sweet flavor. Perfect for sowing under cloches in early spring because of its excellent resistance to bolting.

Sow: Early spring to midsummer
Harvest: Early summer to mid-fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Beet ‘Pablo’ F1

One of the best varieties for growing in patio containers and perfect to harvest as baby beets. The smooth, deep red, spherical roots taste exceptionally sweet; they also stand well in the soil without bolting or becoming woody.

Sow: Mid-spring to early summer
Harvest: Midsummer to mid-fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Beet ‘Chioggia Pink’

A beautiful curiosity; the rich red skin of this spherical root conceals flesh marked with concentric rings of blush pink and white. Its sweet, mild flavor is delightful raw or cooked.

Sow: Mid-spring to midsummer
Harvest: Early summer to mid-fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Beet ‘Forono’

Elongated, burgundy-colored roots make this variety ideal for slicing. Tender young roots have a particularly intense flavor, so sow successionally for a continuous supply. Prone to bolting if sown too early.

Sow: Mid-spring to early summer
Harvest: Midsummer to late fall
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Parsnip ‘Gladiator’ F1

A popular hybrid parsnip that matures quickly, producing consistently reliable, early-maturing crops of white-skinned roots. ‘Gladiator’ also benefits from good canker resistance.

Sow: Late winter to mid-spring
Harvest: Mid-fall to early spring
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Parsnip ‘Tender and True’

In deep soil, this variety forms exceptionally long roots, which are often considered to have one of the finest parsnip flavors. It is also resistant to canker and is a firm favorite with exhibition growers.

Sow: Late winter to mid-spring
Harvest: Late fall to early spring
Soil Preference: Well-drained soil
Sun or Shade: Full sun

Photo By: DK - Vegetable Gardening ©2007 Dorling Kindersley Limited

Growing carrots in the fall for winter harvest is possible where temperatures stay above 32 degrees F and the soil doesn’t freeze solid. Typically seeds are planted in September or October for a winter harvest. Most southern states are only able to grow carrots during this time period as their summers are too hot for this crop. However, some states in the west coast region are able to plant and harvest later in the year as well.

Bolting or flowering can occur when seedlings are exposed to days of sub-50-degree temperatures. If bolting does occur, like with other vegetables and herbs, the quality of flavor diminishes and is no longer desirable. However, the flowering that does occur provides great nutrition for beneficial insects and other pollinators.

Since the carrot is a relative to Queen Anne’s Lace (Wild Carrot, Bishop’s Lace, Bird’s Nest) the umbrella-shaped flower and wispy foliage are very similar. Ranging in colors from pure white to antique white and even white blushed with pink highlights. Beneficial insects that are attracted to carrot flowers include Lacewing, Ladybug, Mealybug Destroyer, Minute Pirate Bug, Spider Mite Destroyer, Syrphid Fly, Tachinid Fly and Whitefly Parasitic Wasp.

Carrots are a great seed for beginning gardeners and wonderful for teaching children about growing their own food. The seeds are easy to plant and results of harvesting happen rather quickly compared to other vegetables. With minimal watering, thinning and maybe a little fertilizing, children can be an active participant in growing their own food and possibly love their veggies for doing it.

Next Up

When to Harvest Carrots

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How to Store Fresh Carrots

There are several ways to store fresh carrots that are either from your garden or the grocery store.

Are There Purple Carrots?

Purple carrots have been around since the beginning of time, but we are just starting to appreciate their beauty.

Are There Black Carrots?

The first carrots to be recorded historically into cultivation were purple carrots. Improvements in time have led to purple carrots that look very black in color.

Are There Round Carrots?

French, Parisian carrots were the round carrots of our ancestors being introduced in the States around 1861.

Are There Yellow Carrots?

Yellow carrots date back to the 900s and were the original color of carrots along with purple.

Are There Red Carrots?

Red, orange and white carrots were the first colors to make it into western cuisine. It is possible that your ancestors grew and harvested these very colorful carrots before the orange variety was dominant in society.

The Colorful Array of Carrots

Purple carrots have been around since the beginning of time, but we are just starting to appreciate their beauty.

How are Baby Carrots Grown?

Baby carrots are not grown, but made.

What Are the Different Types of Carrots?

There are four different categories of carrots – learn them here.

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