Shrub Varieties

Learn about several shrub plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

Croton

croton is a shrub with colorful foliage

Shrub with foliage in green, yellow pink and red and racemes of yellow flowers in summer

Plant in bright to partial shade.
Plant in moist, but well-drained soil; do not allow soil to dry completely.
Prefers warm temperatures from 60-85 degrees and high humidity.
Fertilize monthly during growing season.
Height: 8-12 feet
Width: 4-8 feet

Patio or Houseplant in zones 2-9
Hardy in USDA zones 10-11:

Zones 2-9: Container grow plant and keep indoors or in heated greenhouse; move outside when temperatures remain above 60 degrees; place by bright window with high humidity or mist daily during cold weather.
Zone 10: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.
Zone 11: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.

Silver Buttonwood

silver buttonwood has button like seed pods

Large evergreen tropical shrub or tree known for its silver foliage and button-like seed pods

Plant in average, well-drained soil; drought and salt tolerant.
Plant in full sun.
Height: 20-50 feet
Width: to 20 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 10-11:
Zones 2-9: Container grow; plant in spring; place container in full sun to light shade; bring indoors when temperatures drop below 55 degrees; water when dry; fertilize in spring.
Zone 10: Plant in spring or fall in full sun; water when dry; fertilize in spring.
Zone 11: Plant in spring or fall in full sun; water when dry; fertilize in spring.

Crinum Lily

crinum lily is a large tropical lily

Large tropical lily grown for its sword-like dark green foliage and fragrant white flowers

Plant in moist, but well-drained soil; do not allow soil to dry completely.
Fertilize monthly during growing season.
Plant in sun to partial shade.
Height: 5 feet
Width: 5-7 feet

In zones 2-7, dig bulbs and bring indoors for the winter
Hardy in USDA zones (8) 9-11:
Zone 8: Plant in spring in full sun to partial shade; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; may die back to the ground in cold weather.
Zone 9: Plant in spring in full sun to partial shade; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.
Zone 10: Plant in spring in full sun to partial shade; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.
Zone 11: Plant in spring in full sun to partial shade; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.

East Palatka Holly

east palatka holly has upright pyramidal shape

Evergreen shrub with upright pyramidal shape and light green leaves with a single point on the end

Plant in moist, but well-drained soil; water when dry.
Drought tolerant and moderately salt tolerant.
Plant in full sun to partial shade.
Height: 20-30 feet
Width: 10-20 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 6-10:
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in fall; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; mulch in fall; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; mulch in fall; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; mulch in fall; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer.
Zone 10: Plant in early fall; mulch in fall; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer.

Purple Trailing Lantana

purple trailing lantana is used as groundcover

Purple Trailing Lantana has been reported as invasive in areas of the south where it's hardy and some other areas of the country.

Low-growing, vining evergreen shrub with purple flowers used as a groundcover.
Plant in full sun; tolerates heat and drought.
Plant in average to dry, well-drained soil.
Height: 6-12 inches
Width: 3-4 feet

Hardy in USDA zones: 8b-10
Zones 2-8a: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; plant in well-drained soil; pull up dead plants after first hard frost.
Zone 8b: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; plant in well-drained soil; mulch in fall; do not prune back dead stems until early spring.
Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in well-drained soil; mulch in fall; prune back dead stems in fall or early spring.
Zone 10: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in well-drained soil; mulch in fall; may continue flower throughout most of year; prune as needed.

Trinettes Arboricola

trinettes arboricola is a tender evergreen shrub

Tender evergreen shrub grown for its shiny palmate-shaped variegated green/gold leaves

Plant in average to rich, moist garden soil that is well-drained.
Plant in sun to partial shade; moderate salt tolerance.
Height: 10-15 feet
Width: 4-6 feet

Annual or houseplant in zones 2-8
Hardy in USDA zones 9-11:

Zones 2-8: Plant or place outside in spring after danger of frost has passed; water freely during growing season; bring indoors when outdoor temperatures drop below 55 degrees.
Zones 9-11: Plant in spring; water freely during growing season; fertilize in the spring.

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