Plant Variety

Learn about several plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

Green Laceleaf Weeping Japanese Maple

green laceleaf weeping japanese maple tree

Small weeping deciduous tree with finely dissected, fernlike, bright green leaves that have orange fall color; Dissectum variety

Medium growth
Plant in organic but well-drained soil; water when dry
Plant in 3/4 sun to partial shade with protection from the hot afternoon sun in warmer climates
Height: 8-10 feet; Width: 12-15 feet
Hardy in USDA zones 5-8:
Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in sun to light shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
Zone 6: Plant in early spring or early fall; plant in sun to partial shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; fertilize in spring with balanced fertilizer; water during dry spells.

Ruby Port Columbine

ruby port columbine is clump forming perennial

Clump-forming perennial with lacy leaves and deep red double flowers with yellow centers

Plant in full sun to partial shade
Plant in average to moist soil
Plants reseed easily
Susceptible to leaf miners, which can be controlled by removing damaged leaves
Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 12-15 inches
Hardy in USDA zones (3)4-8(9):
Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells.
Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells.
Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells; may be short-lived in this warmer zone.

Japanese Painted Fern

japanese painted fern has silver metallic fronds

Deciduous fern with silver-metallic fronds that are tinged with burgundy and purple

Plant in average to moist garden soil rich in organic matter
Plant in partial to full shade
Height: 12-17 inches; Width: to 18-24 inches
Hardy in USDA zones 3-8:
Zone 3: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove dead foliage after frost; divide in spring every few years.
Zone 4: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove dead foliage after frost; divide in spring every few years
Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove dead foliage after frost; divide in spring every few years.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water during dry periods; remove dead foliage after frost; divide in spring every few years.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water during dry periods; remove dead foliage in fall; divide in spring every few years.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove dead foliage in fall; divide in spring every few years.

Nena Ivy

A Danish introduction, a cultivar of English ivy.
Leaves are three-lobed and heart- shaped; they are gold to yellow with a bright green margin and center splashes of green.
Pink stems
American Ivy Society's Ivy of the Year for 2002
Vigorous climber; can grow 50 feet in height
Adult form produces blue-black berries

Zones 5 to 11
Care for Ivy:
Full sun to partial shade.
Widely adaptable to different soil.
Cut back as necessary
Drought tolerant

Ruby Stella Daylily

ruby stella daylily is a repeat bloomer

Ruby red flowers in spring through summer; repeat blooming in early fall
Remove spent flower stalks to encourage continuous blooming

Plant in full sun to light shade
Prune back after first frost; divide and fertilize in spring
Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil; drought tolerant once established
Height: 12-18 inches Width: 18-24 inches
Hardy in zones 4-11:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 11: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.

Climbing Hydrangea

nena ivy has leaves that are three lobed

Vigorous, climbing deciduous vine with flat clusters white lacecap flowers in early summer

Plant in moist but-well drained soil with a sturdy structure to climb
Plant in full sun to partial shade
May take several years to reach blooming age; blooms occur on secondary woody growth
Prune only as needed to keep in bounds right after flowering
Height: 60 to 80 feet
Hardy in USDA zones 5-9:
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; mulch lightly in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.

Berry Heavy Winterberry Holly

berry heavy winterberry holly is suckering shrub

Large, suckering deciduous shrub noted for its profusion of red berries along the stem that persist into winter
Female cultivar requiring a male cultivar for berry production

Plant in rich, moist to wet soil
Plant in full sun to light shade
Height: 6-8 feet; Width: 4-6 feet, suckering
Hardy in USDA zones 3-9:
Zone 3: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 4: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Jim Dandy Winterberry Holly

jim dandy winterberry holly is a pollinator

Medium, suckering deciduous shrub used as a pollinator for female berry-producing winterberries
Male cultivar, not showy

Plant in rich, moist to wet soil
Plant in full sun to light shade
Height: 4-6 feet; Width: 4-6 feet, suckering
Hardy in USDA zones 3-9:
Zone 3: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 4: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Purple Dragon Spotted Deadnettle

purple dragon spotted deadnettle is deer resistant

Perennial evergreen groundcover with silver variegated leaves and deep purple flowers
Deer Resistant
Can be invasive

Prune after flowering; fertilize regularly during growing season
Plant in moist, organic but well-drained soil; tolerates a wide range of soils
Plant in partial to full shade
Height: 4-8 inches; Width: 18-36 inches, spreading
Hardy in USDA zones 3-8:
Zone 3: Plant in spring to avoid frost heaving; plant in partial shade; mulch
after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring; avoid exposure to salt; may suffer
frost damage unless mulched or covered by snow.
Zone 4: Plant in spring to avoid frost heaving; plant in partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring; avoid exposure to salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid frost heaving; plant in partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring; avoid exposure to salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring.

Jacob's Ladder

jacob's ladder has variegated foliage

Clump-forming perennial with variegated cream/green foliage and spikes of blue flowers in spring and summer

Plant in rich, organic soil that is moist but well-drained
Plant in partial to full shade
Height: 12 inches; Width: 12 inches
Hardy in USDA zones (3)4-7:
Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost; pull back mulch in spring; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after first frost; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 7: Plant in early spring; plant in full shade; mulch after first frost; pull back mulch in spring; may languish in warmer areas of this zone.

Illustris Elephant Ears

illustris elephant ears is large, tender perennial

Large, tender perennials usually grown as annuals for their bold foliage shaped like elephant ears
Leaves have violet leaf stalks and light green leaves with dark purple between the veins

Plant in light to partial shade
Plant in rich, organic, moist but well-drained soil; fertilize monthly
All parts of the plant are poisonous and the sap can irritate skin
Height: 3-5 feet; Width: 3-5 feet
Annual in USDA zones 2-7b
Hardy in USDA zones 8a-11:
Zones 2-7b: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in light to partial shade; remove foliage and dig in fall before frost; store in frost-free location for winter or discard plants after killing frost.
Zones 8a-11: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; remove tattered foliage throughout season; fertilize spring through fall.

Kalanchoe

kalanchoe is grown for profuse tiny flowers

Tender succulent grown for its rich green leaves and profuse tiny flowers in various colors

Grow indoors in bright light in temperatures between 65-85 degrees.
Plant in well-drained soil.
Height: 12 inches; Width: 12 inches
Annual in USDA zones 2-9
Hardy in USDA zones 10-11
Zones 2-9: Grow as a house plant year round; plant or move outdoors when night temperatures rise above 55 degrees; grow in partial shade; bring indoors when night temperatures drop below 55 degrees.
Zones 10-11: Can be grown outdoors in full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil. Prune back in fall.

Chinese Evergreen

chinese evergreen is tropical plant grown indoor

Tropical plant grown indoors for its bold variegated cream/green foliage

Grow indoors in medium light or outdoors in partial shade in temperatures between 65-85 degrees; prefers high humidity
Plant in rich, organic, moist but well-drained soil.
Height: 1-2 feet; Width: 1-2 feet
Annual in all zones
All Zones: Grow as a house plant year round; plant or move outdoors when night temperatures rise above 55 degrees; grow in partial shade; bring indoors when night temperatures drop below 55 degrees.

Can Can Coral Bells

can can coral bells has heart shaped foliage

Evergreen to semi-evergreen perennial known for its heart-shaped dark pink foliage with deep purple veins and stalks of white flowers in spring

Plant in partial to full shade
Plant in moist to wet but well drained rich soil
Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 12 inches
Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after planting and again after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after planting and again after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to medium shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.

Waffle Plant

waffle plant is grown for fleshy copper leaves

Annual grown for its fleshy copper-colored leaves

Plant in rich, moist but very well-drained soil
Fertilize weekly with water-soluble fertilizer
Plant in full sun to partial shade
Height: 8-12 inches; Width: 12-18 inches
Zones 2-9: Grow as a house plant year round; plant or move outdoors when night temperatures rise above 55 degrees; grow in full sun to partial shade; bring indoors when night temperatures drop below 55 degrees.
Zones 10-11: Can be grown outdoors in full sun to partial shade in well-drained soil. Prune back in fall.

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