Plant Varieties

Learn about 11 plant varieties and the planting information for each.

aucuba is evergreen shrub with shiny green foliage

This is an evergreen shrub with shiny green foliage accented with bright yellow centers and red berries.

Picturata Japanese Aucuba

Aucuba japonica 'Picturata' – Picturata Japanese Aucuba

  • Evergreen shrub with shiny green foliage accented with bright yellow centers and red berries
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Avoid planting in areas with heavy deer concentrations
  • Plant in average garden soil that is well-drained; fertilize in spring
  • Height: 4-6 feet; Width: 4-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones (6)7-10

  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall; may be deciduous and suffer some tip dieback in harsh winter.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in partial to full shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in partial to full shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in partial to full shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 10: Plant in fall; plant in partial to full shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.

Kanjiro Sasanqua

Camellia sasanqua 'Kanjiro' – Kanjiro Sasanqua

kanjiro sasanqua has pink semi double flowers

This evergreen shrub has shiny green foliage and large, pink semi-double flowers in early fall.

  • Evergreen shrub with shiny green foliage and large, pink semi-double flowers in early fall
  • Plant in sun to partial shade; prune if needed after flowering
  • Plant in rich organic, slightly acidic soil that is well-drained; fertilize in spring
  • Height: 8-10 feet; Width: 6-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 7-9

  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in sun with adequate moisture to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.

Densa Inkberry

Ilex glabra 'Densa' – Densa Inkberry

densa inkberry is native evergreen holly

This upright, native, evergreen holly is tolerant of a wide range of conditions.

  • Upright, native, evergreen holly that is tolerant of a wide range of conditions
  • Small, soft leaves resemble those of boxwood; 'Densa' has fuller foliage than species
  • Plant in wet to dry soil in full sun to partial shade
  • Female Cultivar: if pollinated bears sparse blue/black fruit in summer and fall
  • Pest resistant
  • Height: 8-10 feet; Width: to 8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-10

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; avoid contact with salt; water if planted in dry soil; prune to keep in shape in spring; may suffer damage to foliage in severe winter; prone to breakage under heavy ice loads.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water if planted in dry soil; prune to keep in shape in spring; prone to breakage under heavy ice loads.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water if planted in dry soil; prune to keep in shape in spring; prone to breakage under heavy ice loads.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water if planted in dry soil; prune to keep in shape in spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again in spring; water if planted in dry soil; prune to keep in shape in spring.
  • Zone 10: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again in spring; water if planted in dry soil; prune to keep in shape in spring.

Florida Anise Tree

Illicium floridanum – Florida Anise Tree

florida anise tree has licorice scented foliage

This is an upright evergreen shrub or small tree with licorice scented foliage and maroon flowers in spring.

  • Upright evergreen shrub or small tree with licorice scented foliage and maroon flowers in spring
  • Plant in light to moderate shade.
  • Plant in moist to average, rich soil that is well-drained; water when dry
  • Deer resistant; poisonous
  • Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
  • Height: 5-10 feet; Width: 5-10 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 7-10

  • Zone 7: Plant in early spring or early fall; plant in light to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after first hard frost; prune only if needed in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in light to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after first frost; prune only if needed in early spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in partial to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed in early spring.
  • Zone 10: Plant in early fall; plant in partial to moderate shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed in early spring.

Variegated Sweet Flag

Acorus calamus 'Variegatus' – Variegated Sweet Flag (Grass)

variegated sweet flag grass is evergreen perennial

This evergreen perennial has variegated cream/white grass-like foliage.

  • Evergreen perennial with variegated cream/white grass-like foliage
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade; divide in spring every few years
  • Plant in rich, reliably moist to wet soil or bog; fertilize in spring
  • Height: 2-3 feet Width: 2 feet, spreading by rhizomes

Hardy in zones 4-11

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; protect from salt; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; protect from salt; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.
  • Zone 11: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; remove dead or tattered foliage in spring.

Raspberry Wine Bee Balm

Monarda didyma 'Raspberry Wine' – Raspberry Wine Bee Balm

raspberry wine bee balm has fragrant foliage

This spreading upright perennial has fragrant foliage and scarlet to pink flowers in summer.

  • Spreading upright perennial with fragrant foliage and scarlet to pink flowers in summer
  • Plant in full sun; divide in spring every few years
  • Plant in rich, well-drained soil; fertilize in spring
  • Susceptible to powdery mildew in moist or shady locations; remove infected foliage
  • Height: 2-4 feet Width: 2 feet, spreading

Hardy in zones (3)4-9

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring; plants are marginally hardy in this zone, but will probably survive with protection or snow cover.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.

Leopard Plant

Ligularia tussilaginea 'Aureo maculata' – Leopard Plant

leopard plant has large spotted leaves

This deciduous perennial is known for its large spotted leaves topped with yellow daisy-like flowers.

  • Deciduous perennial known for its large spotted leaves topped with yellow daisy-like flowers
  • Plant in partial to full shade; protect from wind
  • Plant in wet to moist, rich soil
  • Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
  • Height: to 30 inches; Width: to 24 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 7-10

  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall before frost; water if plant shows signs of wilt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall before frost; water if plant shows signs of wilt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; water if plant shows signs of wilt; remove dead foliage in fall.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; water if plant shows signs of wilt; remove dead foliage in fall.

Chocolate Chip Ajuga

Ajuga x 'Chocolate Chip' – Chocolate Chip Ajuga (Bugleweed)

chocolate chip ajuga on invasive watch list

This is a deciduous to evergreen groundcover perennial with dark leaves and blue flowers in spring.

Planting Note: Ajuga is on the watch list for invasiveness in states such as Virginia.

  • A native alternative is the Lyre-leaf Sage – Salvia lyrata, i.e. 'Purple Knockout'.
  • Deciduous to evergreen groundcover perennial with dark leaves and blue flowers in spring
  • Plant in rich, but well-drained soil
  • Plant in full sun to full shade; light to partial shade is best
  • May be invasive
  • Height: 3-6 inches; Width: to 24 inches, spreading

Hardy in USDA zones 3-9

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.

Carolina Jessamine

Gelsemium sempervirens - Carolina Jessamine

carolina jessamine is evergreen twining vine

This evergreen twining vine has bright yellow fragrant flowers in spring.

  • Evergreen twining vine with bright yellow fragrant flowers in spring
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade
  • Plant in rich, well-drained soil
  • Highly Poisonous
  • Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
  • Height: to 21 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 7-9

  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune to keep in check after spring flowering.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune to keep in check after spring flowering.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune to keep in check after spring flowering.

Southern Waxmyrtle

Myrica cerifera – Southern Waxmyrtle

southern waxmyrtle has gray waxy berries

This large evergreen shrub has small green leaves and gray waxy berries on female plants.

  • Large evergreen shrub with small green leaves and gray waxy berries on female plants
  • Plant in full sun to light shade
  • Tolerant of wet to dry soils
  • Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears; prune before new growth in spring; fast growing
  • Height: 10-25 feet; Width; 10-15 feet, suckering

Hardy in USDA zones 7-10

  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; may break under heavy ice or snow; plant may be semi-evergreen in a harsh winter.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; may break under heavy ice or snow.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall.
  • Zone 10: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall.

Canna Lily

Canna x generalis 'Cleopatra' – Canna Lily

canna lily has bright yellow flowers

This deciduous perennial has bright yellow flowers covered with deep red spots.

  • Deciduous perennial with bright yellow flowers covered with deep red spots
  • Lush green foliage with maroon stripes
  • Plant in moist, but well-drained soil
  • Plant in full sun to light shade
  • Deadhead to encourage continued blooming
  • Height: 36-60 inches; Width: to 24 inches
  • Water when dry during growing season; fertilize monthly during growing season

Hardy in USDA zones 7-11

  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily before first frost; cut back dead foliage after frost; divide clumps every few years in early spring; watch for presence of canna leaf rollers.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily before first frost; cut back dead foliage after frost; divide clumps every few years in early spring; watch for presence of canna leaf rollers.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch before first frost; cut back dead foliage after frost; divide clumps every few years in early spring; watch for presence of canna leaf rollers.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; divide clumps every few years in early spring; watch for presence of canna leaf rollers.
  • Zone 11: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; divide clumps every few years in early spring; watch for presence of canna leaf rollers.

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