Outdoor Greenery

Learn about several plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

Porcupine Grass

porcupine grass is non native invasive grass

Miscanthus sinensis is a non-native invasive grass from Asia. It has escaped cultivation and invaded natural areas throughout the Midwest and South.

Large upright ornamental grass with gold-banded foliage and copper plumes
Plant in full sun to light shade
Can be invasive
Tolerant of a wide range of soil
Prune back to ground in late winter to early spring; fertilize in spring
Divide every few years in early spring
Height: 4-9 feet Width: 2-6 feet

Hardy in zones 5-9:
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first frost to prevent winter heaving; remove mulch in spring; avoid exposure to salt; plant may flop over in heavy snow or ice.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in heavy snow or ice.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in heavy snow or ice.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring.

Silver Maiden Grass

silver maiden grass is ornamental but invasive

Miscanthus sinensis is a non-native invasive grass from Asia. It has escaped cultivation and invaded natural areas throughout the Midwest and South.

Medium upright ornamental grass with vertical bands of white/green and crimson plumes
Plant in full sun to light shade
Can be invasive
Tolerant of a wide range of soil
Prune back to ground in late winter to early spring; fertilize in spring
Divide every few years in early spring
Height: 4-6 feet Width: 2-4 feet

Hardy in zones 5-9:
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first frost to prevent winter heaving; remove mulch in spring; avoid exposure to salt; plant may flop over in heavy snow or ice.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in heavy snow or ice.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in heavy snow or ice.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring.

Giant Reed Grass

giant reed grass is listed as a noxious weed

Arundo donax is a non-native invasive grass from the Mediterranean area. It has escaped cultivation and invaded natural areas throughout the Midwest, South and West, particularly in wetland areas.

It is listed as a noxious weed in TX and on the invasive lists for: VA, GA, CA, SC TN and the entire mid-Atlantic region.
Huge upright ornamental grass with reed-like foliage and purple to silver plumes
Plant in full sun to light shade
Can be invasive
Tolerates wet to moist soil, even standing water
Prune back to ground in late winter to early spring; fertilize in spring
Divide every few years in early spring
Height: 10-25 feet Width: 5-20 feet

Hardy in zones 6-10:
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; avoid exposure to salt; plant may flop over in wind, heavy snow or ice.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in wind, heavy snow or ice.
Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in wind.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in wind.
Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in fall; remove mulch in spring; plant may flop over in wind.

Purple Birch

purple birch is deciduous tree with white bark

Deciduous tree with white bark and leathery dark bluish green leaves

Golden fall foliage; male catkins (flowers) in spring
Plant in full sun to light shade
Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil; prune in fall as needed
Height: 50-70 feet Width: 25-30 feet

Hardy in zones 5-7:
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to salt; fertilize in mid spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; fertilize in mid spring.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; fertilize in mid spring.

Naked Bamboo

naked bamboo is very large dark caned bamboo

Very large dark caned bamboo with white ring when young

Plant in full sun to moderate shade
Extremely invasive unless contained by 30-36 inch deep barriers
Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil; water freely until established
Height: 25-35 feet Width: to infinity
Most cold hardy Phyllostachys species

Hardy in zones (4)5-9:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid exposure to salt; plant may flop over in wind, heavy snow or ice; marginally hardy in this zone and may not reach full size.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid exposure to salt; plant may flop over in wind, heavy snow or ice.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; plant may flop over in wind, heavy snow or ice.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; plant may flop over in wind, heavy snow or ice.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch in fall; plant may flop over in wind.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch in fall; plant may flop over in wind.

Variegated Lily Turf

variegated lily turf is tufted ground cover

Thick, tufted evergreen ground cover with linear foliage with creamy edges

Blue-purple flowers in fall followed by a dark berries
Plant in full sun to full shade
Prune or mow in late winter; divide in spring
Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil; water freely until established
Height: 12 inches Width: 18 inches

Hardy in zones 6-10:
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; protect from drying winds.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; protect from drying winds.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch in fall; protect from drying winds.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to full shade; mulch in fall; protect from drying winds.
Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to full shade; mulch in fall; protect from drying winds.

Stella D'Oro Daylily

stella d oro daylily repeat blooms in fall

Popular cultivar of Daylily

Bright yellow flowers in spring through summer; repeat blooming in early fall
Remove spent flower stalks to encourage continuous blooming
Plant in full sun to light shade
Prune back after first frost; divide and fertilize in spring
Plant in fertile, moist but well-drained soil; drought tolerant once established
Height: 12 inches Width: 18 inches

Hardy in zones 3-10:
Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.
Zone 10: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; pull mulch back in spring.

River Birch

river birch is pest resistant

Deciduous tree with shaggy, dark reddish brown bark

More pest resistant than other birches
Plant in full sun to light shade
Plant in dry to wet soil; tolerates clay; prune in fall as needed
Height: 50-60 feet Width: 30-40 feet

Hardy in zones 4-9:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to salt; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to salt; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall; may suffer limb breakage in heavy ice or snow.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Fox Red Curly Sedge

fox red curly edge has flower spikes in summer

Evergreen ornamental sedge with orange-brown foliage, which is curly at the ends

Brown flower spikes in summer
Plant in full sun to partial shade
Plant in rich, reliably moist, but not wet soil
Height: 20-30 inches Width: to 36 inches

Hardy in zones (5)6-9:
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost to avoid winter heaving; avoid exposure to salt; may be marginally hardy in this zone requiring extra protection if container grown.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall.

Elijah Blue Fescue

elijah blue fescue is evergreen ornamental grass

Evergreen ornamental grass with blue-gray foliage and blue-green flowers

Plant in full sun for best color
Plant in moist to dry, well-drained soil
Height: 8-12 inches Width: 8-12 inches

Hardy in zones 4-7(8):
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost to avoid winter heaving; avoid exposure to salt; may require extra protection if container grown.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost to avoid winter heaving; avoid exposure to salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; may lose bright color in hot weather.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; may lose bright color in hot weather.

Red Baron Japanese Blood Grass

japanese blood grass is banned in 9 states

Imperata cylindrica (aka cogongrass) is a non-native invasive grass from Asia.

It is on the Federal Noxious Weed List and is quarantined or banned in nine states (AL, CA, FL, HI, MN, NC, OR, SC, VT).

Next Up

Get Social With Us

We love to DIY. You love to DIY. Let's get together.

More DIY Social

Discover Made + Remade