How to Grow Golden Yellow Beets
Botanical Names: Beta vulgaris
Beet or beetroot, as they are commonly called outside the United States, was domesticated in the Middle East in the 8th century B.C. This root crop originated in the Mediterranean region from the sea beet, which can still be found growing wild to this day. It was then mainly used for medicinal purposes until the 1800s when French chefs realized their potential as a side dish. It is said that beets can help with liver disease and lower blood pressure when used in combination with some medicines. Most beets are ruby red, but also come in colors of white, golden (yellow) and striped.
Beets are part of the Chenopodiaceae family, also known as the Goosefoot family. Within this botanical family includes spinach, Swiss chard, quinoa among 1,500 other species. Plants within this family are typically edible and rich in calcium. Many of the family members tolerate salty and alkaline soils causing them to be ideal plants for these locations.
Golden or yellow beets have a mild flavor compared to their counterparts. Beets are all grown by seed. Seeds should be soaked for 24 hours prior to planting. Planting direct to the garden is recommended either in late fall or early spring. 70 degree soil temperature is typically needed for germination to occur. Air and soil temperature will not be the same, so having a soil temperature will help to pinpoint the planting time. Plant in full sun in soil that is tilled, rich and well-drained. See germination should occur in 10 to 15 days of planting. During harvest, it is important to not bruise any of the crop when removing from the ground as beets are very susceptible to this. Here are some great golden varieties to try in your garden this year:
Golden: This variety dates back to the 1820s or prior. If you are not fond of beets, this may be a variety to start with as the flavor is very mild and unlike reds. The greens are very tasty as well. After planting, crops will be ready for harvest after 55 days.
Golden Detroit: Touted as being one of the best golden beets on the market for not only taste, but also yield. These gorgeous orange beets turn yellow when cooked. The tops are said to be so delicious that they variety could just be grown for them alone. Great in all applications including canning, pickling, storing, etc.
Yellow Cylindrical: This is a mangel-variety of beets, which means it is more oblong than round. This rare European heirloom was actually first used as animal food, but many foodies are finding this culinary treat and adding it to their gardens. The color is golden-yellow on the skin and the flesh is white. It is typically picked young and used to top salads or roasted as a side.
Burpee’s Golden: Beautiful heirloom that was a color breakthrough when it was introduced in 1940s. This golden variety is best harvested when young, as it can become a bit fibrous as it ages. This beetroot has a sweet, mild flavor. Harvest around 55 days after planting and the greens are just as great as the roots.
Golden beetroot is a great way to introduce this vegetable into your family meals. With their mild and sweeter flavor, their taste is intensified when roasting. Give one of these varieties a try in your garden this year.
- Are Beets a Vegetable?
- Are There Different Types of Beets?
- The Best Types of Red Beet Varieties
- How to Store Beets
- How to Prepare, Store and Freeze Beet Greens
- How to Pickle Beets