More Plant Varieties

Learn about several plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

bigleaf goldenray is perennial with bold foliage

This deciduous perennial has bold foliage topped with sprays of orange/yellow flowers in summer.

Bigleaf Goldenray

Ligularia dentata 'Othello' - Bigleaf Goldenray

  • Deciduous perennial with bold foliage topped with sprays of orange/yellow flowers in summer
  • Plant in fertile, reliably moist to wet soil
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Height: 3 feet; Width: 4 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to moderate shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to moderate shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; apply extra mulch after in fall; pull back mulch in spring.

Aesculus parviflora – Bottlebrush Buckeye

ostrich fern reaches up to four feet

This large, deciduous fern reaches upwards of 4 feet.

Note: As genera go, this is one of Walter's favorite group of plants. He recommends considering A. pavia (Red Buckeye), which is a small tree and a native plant.

  • Large, deciduous shrub with bold palmate foliage and white bottlebrush flowers in summer
  • Good fall color
  • Plant in light to partial shade
  • Plant in rich, organic soil that is moist, but well-drained; water until established
  • Prune only if desired after flowering
  • Height: 8-12 feet; Width: 8-15 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8(9)

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in fall or early spring; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall; plant may defoliate by mid summer in this zone.

Ostrich Fern

Ostrich Fern - Matteuccia pensylvanica

  • Large, deciduous fern reaching upwards of 4 feet
  • Plant in rich, wet to moist soil
  • Plant in medium to full shade for all zones
  • Hardy in AHS heat zones 8-1

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring;
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring;
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring;
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or fall; mulch in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring;
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; mulch in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring;
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; mulch in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.

Bear's Breeches

Acanthus spinosus – Bear's Breeches

bear breeches is noted for large spiny foliage

This large, deciduous perennial is noted for its large, spiny foliage and mauve flowers in summer.

  • Large, deciduous perennial noted for its large, spiny foliage and mauve flowers in summer
  • Plant in rich, reliably moist, but well-drained soil
  • Plant in morning sun or partial shade
  • May spread aggressively by rhizomes in rich, loamy soil
  • Height: to 5 feet; Width 2-3 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-9

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.

Japanese Anemone

Anemone x hybrida 'Queen Charlotte' – Japanese Anemone

japanese anemone noted for semi double pink flower

This tall, deciduous perennial is noted for its semi-double pink flowers in late summer to mid fall.

  • Tall, deciduous perennial noted for its semi-double pink flowers in late summer to mid fall
  • Plant in rich, moist but well-drained soil
  • Plant in morning sun or partial shade
  • May spread aggressively by rhizomes
  • Height: 3-5 feet; Width: to infinity

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.

Goat's Beard

Aruncus dioicus – Goat's Beard

goat beard is noted for spires of creamy flowers

This tall, deciduous aquatic perennial is noted for its spikes of brown flowers.

  • Tall, dioecious, deciduous perennial noted for its spires of creamy white flowers (males) in summer
  • Plant in rich, reliably moist, but well-drained soil
  • Plant in sun with ample moisture or partial shade
  • Water until established
  • Height: 3-6 feet; Width: to 4 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-7

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full to partial sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full to partial sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full to partial sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in morning or partial sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in spring or fall; may be short-lived in warmer parts of this zone.

Narrow-leaved Cattail

Typha angustifolia – Narrow-leaved Cattail

cattail noted for spikes of brown flowers

This tall, deciduous aquatic perennial is noted for its spikes of brown flowers.

  • Tall, deciduous aquatic perennial noted for its spikes of brown flowers.
  • Plant at the edge or in water up to 6 inches deep; may be grown in containers
  • Plant in full sun
  • Very aggressive colonizer of wetland areas
  • Height: 5-6 feet; Width: infinity

Hardy in USDA zones 2-11

  • Zone 2: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; avoid contact with salt; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; avoid contact with salt; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; avoid contact with salt; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; avoid contact with salt; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; thin clumps in spring for control.
  • Zone 11: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun, boggy or wetland area; thin clumps in spring for control.

Fragrant Water Lily

Nymphaea odorata 'Rose Nymphe' – Fragrant Water Lily

  • Floating, deciduous aquatic perennial noted for its large leaves and pink fragrant day-blooming flowers
  • Plant in containers or in still pond bottom with 12-30 inches of water, depending upon plant maturity
  • Plant in full sun
  • Divide in summer placing smaller plants in shallower water
  • Fertilize regularly with aquatic fertilizer during growing season
  • Height: 3-4 inches above water line; Width: 4-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-11

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun pond; avoid contact with salt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full pond; avoid contact with salt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun pond; avoid contact with salt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun pond; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun pond; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun pond; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun pond; remove old foliage in fall.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun pond; remove old foliage in fall.
  • Zone 11: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun pond; remove old foliage in fall.

Nymphaea odorata 'Marliacea Chromatella' – Fragrant Water Lily

water lily is floating,deciduous aquatic perennial

This floating, deciduous aquatic perennial is noted for its large leaves and pink fragrant day-blooming flowers.

  • Floating, deciduous aquatic perennial noted for its olive green with bronze marbling leaves
  • Flowers are day-blooming, fragrant with canary-yellow petals and broad incurved golden stamens
  • Plant in containers or in still pond bottom with 12-30 inches of water, depending upon plant maturity
  • Plant in full sun
  • Divide in summer placing smaller plants in shallower water
  • Fertilize regularly with aquatic fertilizer during growing season
  • Height: 3-4 inches above water line; Width: 4-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-11

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun pond; avoid contact with salt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full pond; avoid contact with salt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun pond; avoid contact with salt; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun pond; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun pond; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun pond; remove dead foliage after frost.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun pond; remove old foliage in fall.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun pond; remove old foliage in fall.
  • Zone 11: Plant in spring or fall; plant in full sun pond; remove old foliage in fall.

Umbrella Flat Sedge

Cyperus alternifolius – Umbrella Flat Sedge (Palm)

umbrella flat sedge is invasive in wetlands

This upright tender, bog perennial is noted for its terminal whorl of foliage and pale yellow-brown flowers.

Note: This plant is considered Invasive in the wetlands along the Southern U.S. For more details, click on the link below.
aquat1.ifas.ufl.edu

  • Upright tender, bog perennial noted for its terminal whorl of foliage and pale yellow-brown flowers
  • Plant in containers or at the edge of pond, water feature or reliably moist garden soil
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Deadhead to prevent the formation of seeds
  • Fertilize monthly during growing season
  • Height: 3-5 feet; Width: 1-2 feet

Annual in USDA zones 2-8; Hardy in USDA zones 9-11:

  • Zones 2-8: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in containers or dig and bring indoors for the winter; may reseed even in these zones, so deadhead.
  • Zones 9-11: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; can be container grown or left in the ground; remove old foliage in the fall; will reseed even in these zones, so deadhead.

Krossa Regal Hosta

Hosta x 'Krossa Regal' – Krossa Regal Hosta

krossa regal hosta has upright blue foliage

This is a medium to large hosta with upright blue foliage and lavender flowers on 5 foot stalks.

  • Medium to large hosta with upright blue foliage and lavender flowers on 5 foot stalks
  • Plant in moist, but-well drained soil
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Height: 30-36 inches; Width: 2 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; mulch lightly in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.

Gold Standard Hosta

Hosta fortunei 'Gold Standard' – Gold Standard Hosta

gold standard hosta has golden foliage

This medium hosta has golden foliage that is edged in green and lavender flowers.

  • Medium hosta with golden foliage that is edged in green and lavender flowers
  • Plant in moist, but-well drained soil
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Height: 24 inches; Width: 3-4 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; mulch lightly in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.

Aureomarginata Hosta

Hosta montana 'Aureomarginata' – Aureomarginata Hosta

aureomarginata hosta is streaked with gold

This medium hosta has center green area streaked with gold along the edges.

  • Medium hosta with center green area streaked with gold along the edges
  • Plant in moist, but-well drained soil
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Height: 24 inches; Width: 24-32 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; mulch lightly in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.

Polygonatum falcatum variegatum – Variegated Solomon's Seal

  • Variegated perennial with arching foliaged edged in cream and small white flowers below the leaves
  • Foliage turns butter yellow in the fall
  • Plant in moist, but-well drained soil
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Height: 24-32 inches; Width: 18-24 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring.

Tradescantia 'Zwaneburg Blue' - Spiderwort

  • Clump-forming perennial with grass-like foliage a deep violet-blue flowers in early summer.
  • Each three-petaled flower lasts one day
  • Tolerant of most soil conditions
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade
  • Plants self-sow readily; shear after flowering for repeat bloom later in the season
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 24 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; shear back after flowering.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch heavily after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring; shear back after flowering.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; shear back after flowering.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; shear back after flowering.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; shear back after flowering.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring; shear back after flowering.

Viking Ship Foamy Bells

Heucherella 'Viking Ship' - Viking Ship Foamy Bells (Coral Bells)
Hybrid perennial of Coral Bells (Heuchera) and Foam Flower (Tiarella)

viking ship foamy bells has hot pink flowers

This lush green foliage resembles maple leaves and hot pink flowers in late spring.

  • Lush green foliage resembling maple leaves and hot pink flowers in late spring
  • Plant in rich, organic soil that is moist, but well-drained
  • Plant in partial shade; will tolerate more sun in northern climates with reliable moisture
  • Dislikes being covered by heavy mulch; prune away tattered foliage in summer
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 12-18 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in sun to partial shade. mulch after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' – Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry

Note: This is a favorite of Walter's.

  • Small deciduous tree noted for its white flowers in spring followed by edible fruit in summer
  • Has good red/orange fall color
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade
  • Height: 25 feet; Width: 30 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-8

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in sun; mulch after first hard frost; protect from salt; fertilize in spring and again in fall.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost; fertilize in spring and again in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; fertilize in spring and again in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; fertilize in spring and again in fall.

Caladium

Caladium bicolor – Caladium

caladiums are grown for their bold foliage

These tender perennials are usually grown as annuals for their bold foliage that is often variegated.

  • Tender perennials usually grown as annuals for their bold foliage that is often variegated
  • Plants have insignificant flowers, which are often removed
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Plant in rich, organic, slightly acidic, moisture-retentive soil; fertilize monthly
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 18-24 inches

Annual in USDA zones 2-9; Hardy in USDA zones 10-11

  • Zones 2-9: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in partial to full shade; remove foliage and dig in fall before frost; store in frost-free location for winter or discard plants after killing frost.
  • Zones 10-11: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; remove tattered foliage throughout season; fertilize spring through fall.

Elephant Ears

Colocasia esculenta – Elephant Ears

elephant ears are noted for their bold foliage

These large, tender perennials are usually grown as annuals for their bold foliage shaped like elephant ears.

Note: Some elephant ears will survive the winter in the zone 7 climate, especially the black elephant ears.

  • Large, tender perennials usually grown as annuals for their bold foliage shaped like elephant ears
  • Plants have insignificant flowers, but will produce berries in longer growing seasons
  • Plant in light to partial shade
  • Plant in rich, organic, moist, but well-drained soil; fertilize monthly
  • Height: 3-5 feet; Width: 3-5 feet
  • All parts of the plant are poisonous and the sap can irritate skin

Annual in USDA zones 2-8; Hardy in USDA zones 9-11

  • Zones 2-8: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in light to partial shade; remove foliage and dig in fall before frost; store in frost-free location for winter or discard plants after killing frost.
  • Zones 9-11: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; remove tattered foliage throughout season; fertilize spring through fall.

Foam Flower

foam flower is clump forming perennial

This is an evergreen to semi-evergreen clump-forming perennial with varied color leaves and spires of fragrant, white or pink flowers in the spring.

Tiarella cordifolia – Foam Flower

  • Evergreen to semi-evergreen clump-forming perennial with varied color leaves and spires of fragrant, white or pink flowers in the spring
  • Plant in rich, moist, but well-drained soil; water when dry
  • Plant in partial to medium shade
  • Do not mulch heavily in fall; pull back mulch in spring
  • Height: 4-12 inches; Width: 8-12 inches, spreading

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in partial shade; mulch lightly after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in spring; divide in spring as new growth appears.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in partial shade; mulch lightly after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in spring; divide in spring as new growth appears.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in partial shade; mulch lightly after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in spring; divide in spring as new growth appears.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to medium shade; mulch lightly after first hard frost; pull back mulch in spring; divide in spring as new growth appears.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in partial to medium shade; mulch lightly after first frost; pull back mulch in spring; divide in spring as new growth appears.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in partial to medium shade; mulch lightly after first frost; pull back mulch in spring; divide in spring as new growth appears; plants may be short-lived in warmer parts of this zone.

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