More Plant Types

Learn about several plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

Oakleaf Hydrangea

oakleaf hydrangea noted for large oak like leaves

Deciduous shrub noted for its large oak-like leaves and large clusters of white flowers

Plant in full sun with adequate moisture to moderate shade
Plant in rich, moist, but well-drained soil
Height: 6-8 feet; Width: 6-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-9:
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; blooms may be damaged in late frosts.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade.
Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in partial to moderate shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells.
Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in partial to moderate shade with protection from hot afternoon sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells.
Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in partial to moderate shade with protection from hot afternoon sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells.

White Catawba Rhododendron

white catawba rhododendron noted for bold foliage

Although listed to zone 8, it will do better in zone 8 locations such as the Pacific Northwest. In zone 8 in the South, it may suffer.

Evergreen shrub noted for its bold foliage and large trusses of white to light lavender flowers in late spring
Plant in morning sun with afternoon shade or bright shade all day
Plant in rich, moist, but well-drained soil
Prune (if needed) and fertilize immediately after flowering
Height: 6-8 feet; Width: 6-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:
Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; blooms may be damaged in late frosts.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.
Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells; mulch in fall.
Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in partial shade with protection from hot afternoon sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells; mulch in fall; plants may languish in warmer (Southern) parts of this zone.

Boudoir Azalea

boudoir azalea noted for watermelon pink flowers

Semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub noted for its watermelon pink flowers in May

Plant in morning sun with afternoon shade or bright shade all day
Plant in rich, moist, but well-drained soil
Prune (if needed) and fertilize immediately after flowering
Height: 4 feet; Width: 4 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-9:
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.
Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells; mulch in fall; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.
Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in partial shade with protection from hot afternoon sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells; mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in partial shade with protection from hot afternoon sun; provide supplemental water during dry spells; mulch in fall.

Emerald Gaiety Wintercreeper

emerald gaiety wintercreeper can be invasive

E. fortunei has demonstrated invasiveness in the Midwest, Northeast and South. Semi-evergreen to evergreen shrub with shiny green leaves with creamy white edges and bluish centers.

Plant in poor to average garden soil that is well-drained
Plant in full sun to moderate shade
Invasive
Height: 4 feet; Width: 4 feet, spreading

Hardy in USDA zones 5-8(9):
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first frost.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch after first frost.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch in fall; may not thrive in this zone.

Northern Bayberry

northern bayberry has small gray waxy fruit

Semi-evergreen to evergreen dioecious shrub with dark green leaves and small gray waxy fruit

Plant in poor to average garden soil that is acidic and well-drained
Plant in full sun to moderate shade
Height: 10-20 feet; Width: 10-20 feet

Hardy in USDA zones (2)3-6:
Zone 2: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost; plants may be marginally hardy in this zone.
Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost.
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to moderate shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch after first frost; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch after first frost; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.

Endless Summer Hydrangea

endless summer hydrangea color depends on soil pH

Deciduous shrub with repeat bloom in pink or blue (depending upon soil pH)

Height: 3-6 feet; Width: 3-6 feet
Moist, but well-drained soil
Plant in partial shade; prune lightly as needed in summer.
Most cold tolerant H. macrophylla blooming on new and old wood

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9:
Zone 4: plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; plant may bloom later in this zone than in warmer climates.
Zone 5: plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; plant may bloom later in this zone than in warmer climates.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or very early fall; apply mulch after first hard frost; plant may delay blooming after late frosts; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; apply mulch in fall; plant may delay blooming after late frosts; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.

Girard's Rainbow Leucothoe

girard rainbow leucothoe has bell shaped flowers

For gardeners in warmer zones, try Leucothoe axillaris, which grows in zones 6-9.

Arching, variegated evergreen shrub with cream and pink coloration to the leaves
Small, almost inconspicuous bell-shaped clusters of white flowers in May
Plant in partial to medium shade; prune lightly as needed in summer.
Plant in rich, organic, acidic, but well-drained soil
Height: 3-6 feet; Width: 3-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 5-8:
Zone 5: plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or very early fall; apply mulch after first hard frost; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; apply mulch in fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.

Diabolo Ninebark

diabolo ninebark blooms with white to pink corymbs

Large shrub with dark purple foliage and exfoliating bark

Blooms with white to pinkish corymbs of flowers in late spring or early summer
Best foliage color is in full sun; may turn green in hotter climates
Plant in rich, but well-drained soil
Water regularly until established; prune after flowering
Height: 5-10 feet; Width: 6-10 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 2-7:
Zone 2: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; purple color may fade to green in hot weather.

Impatiens Super Elfin

impatiens super elfin has pink or blue flowers

Clump forming annual grown for its pink or blue flowers (in a variety of other colors also)

Plant in rich, moist but well-drained soil
Plant in partial to full shade.
Height: 12-20 inches; Width: 12-14 inches

Annual in zones 2-9
Hardy in USDA zones 10-11:

Zones 2-9: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in light to partial shade; water freely during growing season; pinch to increase bushiness; fertilize monthly while outdoors; discard plants after frost; will sometimes reseed.
Zones 9-11: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; water freely during growing season; pinch to increase bushiness; fertilize monthly while outdoors; will sometimes reseed.

Chimes Yellow Snapdragon

chimes snapdragon has spikes of yellow flowers

Upright, tender perennial usually grown as an annual with spikes of yellow flowers

Plant in rich, moist but well-drained soil
Plant in full sun
Height: 12-36 inches; Width: 12-14 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 7-10:
Zones 2-6: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; discard plants after frost.
Zones 7: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; mulch heavily in the fall; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
Zones 8: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; mulch heavily in the fall.
Zones 9: Plant outside or in containers in spring; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; cut back plants and mulch in the fall.
Zones 10: Plant outside or in containers in spring; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; cut back plants and mulch in the fall.

Chimes Bronze Snapdragon

chimes bronze snapdragon has spikes of red flowers

Upright, tender perennial usually grown as an annual with spikes of bronzy-red flowers

Plant in rich, moist but well-drained soil
Plant in full sun
Height: 12-36 inches; Width: 12-14 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 7-10:
Zones 2-6: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; discard plants after frost.
Zones 7: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; mulch heavily in the fall; may be marginally hardy in this zone.
Zones 8: Plant outside or in containers after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; mulch heavily in the fall.
Zones 9: Plant outside or in containers in spring; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; cut back plants and mulch in the fall.
Zones 10: Plant outside or in containers in spring; plant in full sun; water freely during growing season; deadhead to prolong bloom; fertilize monthly while outdoors; cut back plants and mulch in the fall.

Japanese Pachysandra

japanese pachysandra is spreading groundcover

Spreading, evergreen groundcover with white flowers in the spring

Plant in partial to full shade
Plant in average to dry, well-drained soil
Height: 6-12 inches; Width: 18-24 inches, spreading

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in fall; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in fall; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade.

Inniswood Hosta

inniswood hosta has corrugated blue green foliage

Rounded gold corrugated foliage with a wide, deep bluish-green edge and lavender flowers

Plant in moist, but-well drained soil
Plant in partial to full shade
Height: 30 inches; Width: to 48 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8:
Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; mulch heavily after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or fall; mulch after first hard frost; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or fall; mulch lightly in the fall; pull back mulch in early spring; divide in fall or as new growth appears in early spring; protect from deer in prone areas.

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