More Flowers and Foliage

Below are several plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

Dayglow Pink Foamy Bells

dayglow pink foamy bells has lush green foliage

This lush green foliage resembles maple leaves with brown veins and mauve pink flowers in late spring.

  • Plant in rich, organic soil that is moist, but well-drained
  • Plant in partial shade; will tolerate more sun in northern climates with reliable moisture
  • Dislikes being covered by heavy mulch; prune away tattered foliage in summer
  • Height: 12-20 inches; Width: 12-18 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in sun to partial shade. mulch after first hard frost; protect from salt; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch inearly spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in early spring.

Plum Pudding Coral Bells

plum pudding coral bells has heart shaped foliage

This evergreen to semi-evergreen perennial is known for its heart-shaped light purple foliage with deep purple veins and stalks of white flowers in spring.

  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Plant in moist to wet, but well drained rich soil
  • Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 12 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after planting and again after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after planting and again after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to medium shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.

Winky Blue and White Columbine

winky blue and white columbine is noted for blooms

This is a short-lived perennial noted for its upward-facing bright blue flowers with white centers in spring.

  • Plant in full sun to partial shade
  • Plant in average to moist soil
  • Susceptible to leaf miners, which can be controlled by removing damaged leaves
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 12-15 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells.

Hot Lips Turtlehead

hot lips turtlehead has spikes of pink flowers

This deciduous perennial has deep green slender leaves and spikes of pink flowers that resembles turtle's heads in late summer to early fall.

  • Tolerates moist to wet soil
  • Plant in full sun in northern climates; partial shade in the south
  • Water when dry during growing season; fertilize in spring
  • Height: 2-3 feet; Width: 2-3 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch heavily after first frost; avoid contact with salt; divide clumps every few years in early spring.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch heavily after first frost; avoid contact with salt; divide clumps every few years in early spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light to partial shade; mulch heavily after first frost; avoid contact with salt; divide clumps every few years in early spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch after first frost; divide clumps every few years in early spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after first frost; divide clumps every few years in early spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after first frost; divide clumps every few years in early spring.

Bottlebrush Buckeye

bottlebrush buckeye has bold palmate foliage

This large, deciduous shrub has bold palmate foliage and white bottlebrush flowers in summer.

  • Good fall color
  • Plant in light to partial shade
  • Plant in rich, organic soil that is moist, but well-drained; water until established
  • Prune only if desired after flowering
  • Height: 8-12 feet; Width: 8-15 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8(9):

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in light to partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in fall or early spring; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; apply mulch in fall; plant may defoliate by mid summer in this zone.

Little Princess Spiraea

little princess spiraea has rose pink flowers

This deciduous shrub has light green foliage rose-pink flowers.

Gardener's Note: Little Princess Spiraea is a non-native plant on the invasive watch list of several states: TN, KY, VA and the U.S. Forest Service. It is best avoided near moist areas.

  • Plant in full sun to partial shade
  • Plant in rich, but well-drained soil
  • Water regularly until established; fertilize in spring; prune ½ to 1/3 when dormant
  • Deadhead to prevent the formation of seeds that produce unwanted seedlings
  • Height: 2-3 feet; Width: to 3 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to preventwinter heaving; avoid contact with salt; may suffer some tip dieback in this zone.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; avoid contact with salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after first hard frost.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch in fall; may defoliate early in hot, dry weather.

Carex morrowii 'Silver Sceptre' – Silver Sceptre Sedge

  • Evergreen clumping perennial with grass-like foliage of bright silver and green
  • Prune to 3-4 inches before new growth appears; divide every few years
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Plant in rich, moist, but well-drained soil
  • Height 12 inches: Width: 15 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 6-9:

  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch in fall.

Bird's Nest Norway Spruce

bird nest norway spruce has radiating needles

This broad, spreading evergreen shrub has gray-green needles radiating around its stem.

  • Plant in full sun in moist, but well-drained soil
  • Protect from harsh winds and hot sun
  • Water to establish and then when dry
  • Height: 3-5 feet; Width: 3-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 3-7:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in a sunny area but avoiding hot afternoon sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in a sunny area but avoiding hot afternoon sun; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds; may be short-lived in warmer areas of this zone.

Fat Albert Colorado Blue Spruce

colorado blue spruce has steel blue needles

This upright pyramidal evergreen shrub has steel blue needles.

  • Plant in full sun in moist, but well-drained soil
  • Protect from harsh winds and hot sun
  • Water to establish and then when dry
  • Height: 10-15 feet; Width: 7-10 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 2-6(7):

  • Zone 2: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after fist hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 5: lant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 6: lant in spring or early fall; plant in a sunny area but avoiding hot afternoon sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in a sunny area but avoiding hot afternoon sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid exposure to harsh winter winds; may be short-lived in this zone, especially with long, hot summers.

Skyrocket Juniper

skyrocket juniper is a columnar, evergreen conifer

This columnar, evergreen conifer has gray-green foliage that turns purple in winter.

  • Very narrow and upright
  • Plant in full sun to light shade
  • Fertilize in early spring; prune if needed in late winter
  • Plant in average, moist but well-drained soil
  • Height: 8-12 feet Width: 2-3 feet

Hardy in zones (3)4-9:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring; plant may be marginally hardy in this zone.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt; pull mulch back in spring.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch heavily after first hard frost to prevent winter heaving; protect from salt.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch in fall.

Autumn Fern

autumn fern has new bronze foliage

This is a deciduous to evergreen fern with new bronze colored foliage that changes to green.

  • Plant in moist to wet soil rich in organic matter
  • Plant in partial to full shade
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: to 18 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 5-9:

  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; deciduous to semi-evergreen in this zone; remove dead foliage after frost; divide in spring every few years.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water during dry periods; deciduous to semi-evergreen in this zone; remove dead foliage after frost; divide in spring every few years.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water during dry periods; semi-evergreen to evergreen in this zone; remove dead foliage in fall; divide in spring every few years.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; evergreen in this zone; remove dead foliage in fall or spring; divide in spring every few years.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; evergreen in this zone; remove dead foliage in fall or spring; divide in spring every few years.

Gilt Edge Toad Lily

gilt edge toad lily has white orchid like flowers

This herbaceous perennial has dark foliage with irregular chartreuse margins and white orchid-like flowers with purple spots in early fall.

  • Plant in organic soil that is moist, but well-drained
  • Divide as needed in early spring
  • Plant in light to partial shade with protection from the hot afternoon sun
  • Height: 18-24 inches; Width: 12-18 inches, slowly spreading

Hardy in USDA zones 6-9:

  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; avoid contact with salt; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall.

Golden Glow Ajuga

golden glow ajuga is an evergreen groudcover

This deciduous to evergreen groundcover perennial has variegated leaves of golden green, white and pale purple and blue flowers in spring.

  • Plant in rich, but well-drained soil
  • Plant in full sun to full shade; light to partial shade is best
  • Invasive
  • Height: 3-6 inches; Width: to 24 inches, spreading

Hardy in USDA zones 3-10:

  • Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring
  • Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.
  • Zone 10: Plant in spring; plant in light to full shade; mulch in fall; pull back mulch in spring.

Northern Bayberry

northern bayberry has small gray waxy fruit

This is a semi-evergreen to evergreen dioecious shrub with dark green leaves and small gray waxy fruit.

  • Plant in poor to average garden soil that is acidic and well-drained
  • Plant in full sun to moderate shade
  • Height: 10-20 feet; Width: 10-20 feet

Hardy in USDA zones (2)3-6:

  • Zone 2: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost; plants may be marginally hardy in this zone.
  • Zone 3: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost.
  • Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to partial shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch heavily after first frost.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun to moderate shade; avoid exposure to salt; mulch after first frost; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to moderate shade; mulch after first frost; may be semi-evergreen in this zone.

Rockspray Cotoneaster

rockspray cotoneaster has red fruit in fall

This is a semi-evergreen arching shrub with dark green foliage and pink flowers followed by red fruit.

  • Plant in fertile, average to moist, but well-drained soil
  • Plant in full sun to partial shade
  • Height: 5-6 feet; Width: 6-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-7:

  • Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; may be semi-evergreen in this zone; prune as needed to keep in bounds and neat in appearance.
  • Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; prune as needed to keep in bounds and neat in appearance.
  • Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; prune as needed to keep in bounds and neat in appearance.
  • Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun; apply mulch after first hard frost; prune as needed to keep in bounds and neat in appearance.

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