Step 1

Purchase Your Horseradish Roots

Purchase Your Horseradish Roots

Horseradish is a fast-growing, hardy perennial enjoyed for its spicy flavored roots. Horseradish is a member of the mustard family, and it is typically planted in root form. Gardeners can either purchase the roots from a garden center or at the local farmers' market.

Purchase the Roots

Horseradish is a fast-growing hardy perennial beloved for its spicy flavored roots. Horseradish is a member of the mustard family, and it is typically planted in root form. Gardeners can either purchase the roots from a garden center or simply grab some at the local farmers market.

Step 2

Preparing Your Planting Site

Preparing Your Planting Site

Horseradish is one of the most invasive vegetables in the garden, so make sure that you plant the patch away from the main garden beds. It is a perennial plant, meaning that it will come back year after year, so it should be placed in a spot where it can be left alone. Pick a sunny patch of ground and work the soil with a garden fork to a depth of 8" to 12". Horseradish needs loose soil so that its root can grow straight down. Even though the horseradish will do fine without it, consider adding some balanced fertilizer to the bed for a quick start.

Prepare the Site

Horseradish is one of the most invasive vegetables in the garden. For that reason, the patch should be placed away from the main garden beds. Because it comes back year after year, it should also be placed in a spot where it can be left alone. Pick a sunny patch and work the soil with a garden fork to a depth of 8" to 12". Even though horseradish will do fine without it, consider adding some balanced fertilizer to the bed for a quick start.

Step 3

Planting Your Horseradish Seeds

Planting Your Horseradish Seeds

In early spring, dig hole a little deeper than the root. Lay the plant at an angle with the root with the pointy end down in the hole so that the top is just below the soil line. Fill the hole with soil and lightly tamp it down, then water well.

Plant the Horseradish

In early spring, dig a hole that is a little deeper than the root. Place the root with the pointy end down in the hole so that the top is just below the soil line. Fill the hole with soil and lightly tamp it down. Water well.

Step 4

Cultivate Your Horseradish

Cultivate Your Horseradish

If the soil gets dry, water it as needed to keep the roots slightly moist. Mulch around the plants with straw to keep the soil warm and discourage weed growth. Horseradish doesn't have pest problems since most bugs can't handle the hot flavor.

Cultivate Plants

If the soil gets dry, water it as needed to keep the roots lightly moist. Mulch around the plants with straw to keep the soil warm and discourage weed growth. Horseradish doesn't have pest problems since most bugs can't handle the hot flavor.

Step 5

Harvesting Horseradish

Harvesting Horseradish

Most gardeners harvest horseradish roots in the fall after the first hard frost. Harvest horseradish plants one at a time as needed. Loosen the soil and gently remove the plant from the ground. Separate the root from the crown with a knife and replant the crown for the next year's harvest. You may want to wear gloves as you work with these plants as contact can irritate the skin.

Harvest the Horseradish

Most gardeners harvest horseradish roots in the fall, after the first hard frost. Harvest horseradish plants one at a time as needed. Loosen the soil and gently remove the plant from the ground. Separate the root from the crown with a knife and replant the crown for next year’s harvest.

Pro Tip

Wear gloves when handling horseradish as it can irritate the skin.