Select the Plants
As you begin choosing the plant varieties you'll include, remember that each type will have different needs in terms of light, shade, water, nutrients and daily care. Using raised beds will allow you to grow more in less space with less work. If you have more space, you can plan a garden full of rows or mounds. Read seed packages to see how much space your favorite plants will need, so you can lay out your garden correctly. Wider and deeper rows need less water and produce more. There are several reasons for this. First, deeper rows hold more moisture over a longer period of time. Secondly, wider areas of loose soil allow the roots to travel more freely to find nutrients. Finally, more plants can be planted in a rectangular bed than can be planted in a long narrow bed with the same square footage.