Flowering Plants

Learn about several plant varieties and the planting information for each zone.

Gumpo Pink Azalea

gumpo pink azalea has bright pink flowers

Compact, evergreen shrub with pink flowers in May and June

Height: 2-3 feet; width: 2-3 feet
Plant in rich organic soil that is well drained in partial shade (morning sun)
Fertilize after flowering
Prune, if needed, after flowering

Hardy in USDA zones 6-9:
Zone 6: Plant in fall or early spring; plant in partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; water during dry periods.
Zone 7: Plant in fall or early spring; plant in partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; water during dry periods.
Zone 8: Plant in fall or early spring; plant in partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; water during dry periods.
Zone 9: Plant in fall or early spring; plant in partial shade; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; water during dry periods.

Cleopatra Camellia

cleopatra camellia has double peonylike flowers

Evergreen shrub with shiny green foliage and rose-pink semidouble peonylike flowers in early fall

Plant in sun to partial shade; prune if needed after flowering
Plant in rich organic, slightly acidic soil that is well drained; fertilize in spring
Height: 4-8 feet; width: 4-8 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 7-9:
Zone 7: Plant in fall; plant in sun with adequate moisture to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
Zone 8: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in fall; plant in light to partial shade; provide supplemental water during dry spells, especially in winter; mulch in fall.

Bath’s Pink Dianthus

bath pink dianthus has soft pink flowers

Mounding evergreen perennial grown as a groundcover with silver foliage and soft pink flowers

Plant in moist but well-drained soil
Plant in full sun
Shear back after flowering to promote reblooming
Height: 12-18 inches; width: 12-18 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 3-9:
Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun.

Kim’s Knee High Purple Conflower

knee high purple conflower is compact perennial

Perennial with purple daisylike flowers in summer

More compact than other cultivars or straight species
Plant in average but well-drained soil
Plant in full sun
Deadhead to promote more blooming
Height: 12-24 inches; width: 12-24 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 3-8:
Zone 3: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 7: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; apply extra mulch after first hard frost.
Zone 8: Plant in spring; plant in full sun.

Blue Fescue Grass

blue fescue grass is mounding ornamental grass

Mounding evergreen ornamental grass with blue-gray foliage and tan flowers

Plant in full sun for best color
Plant in moist to dry well-drained soil
Height: 4-10 inches; width: 8-12 inches

Hardy in zones 4-9:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost to avoid winter heaving; avoid exposure to salt; may require extra protection if container-grown.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch after first hard frost to avoid winter heaving; avoid exposure to salt.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; may lose bright color in hot weather.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun; mulch in fall; may lose bright color in hot weather.

Palace Purple Coral Bells

palace purple coral bells has deep purple foliage

Evergreen to semievergreen perennial known for its deep-purple foliage and cream flowers

Plant in partial to full shade
Plant in wet to moist but well drained rich soil
Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
Height: 12-18 inches; width: 10-15 inches

Hardy in USDA zones 4-8:
Zone 4: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after planting and again after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 5: Plant in spring; plant in partial shade; mulch after planting and again after first hard frost to prevent heaving; avoid contact with salt; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 6: Plant in spring; plant in partial to medium shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in partial to full shade; mulch after planting and again in fall; water during dry periods; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage appears; pull mulch away from crown in spring.

Endless Summer Hydrangea

endless summer hydrangea is repeat bloomer

Deciduous shrub with repeat bloom in pink or blue (depending upon soil pH)

Moist but well-drained soil
Plant in partial shade; prune lightly as needed in summer.
Most cold-tolerant H. macrophylla blooming on new and old wood
Height: 3-6 feet; width: 3-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9:
Zone 4: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply extra mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; plant may bloom later in this zone than in warmer climates.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to prevent winter heaving; water regularly in dry spells during growing season; apply mulch after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; plant may bloom later in this zone than in warmer climates.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or very early fall; apply mulch after first hard frost; plant may delay blooming after late frosts; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; apply mulch in fall; plant may delay blooming after late frosts; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; water regularly in dry spells during growing season.

Banana

banana produces edible fruit

Variety of banana that produces edible fruit

Plant in full sun
Plant in moist but well-drained, rich soil
Fertilize in regularly with potassium fertilizer
Height: 8-12 feet; width: 3-6 feet

Hardy in USDA zones: 9-11:
Zones 2-8: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; bring indoors before frost.
Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; mulch in fall; remove dead foliage in the fall.
Zone 10: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; mulch in fall; remove dead foliage in the fall.
Zone 11: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; mulch in fall; remove dead foliage in the fall.

David Viburnum

Compact evergreen mounded shrub with white flowers in spring and blue fruit in fall
Plant in light to partial shade.
Plant in moist to average rich soil that is well drained; water when dry
Fertilize in spring as new foliage appears
Height: 3-5 feet; width: 3-5 feet

Hardy in USDA zones (7)8-9:
Zone 7: Plant in early spring or early fall; plant in light shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after first hard frost; prune only if needed in early spring; may lose some foliage and suffer minor dieback in a harsh winter.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again after first frost; prune only if needed in early spring.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch in spring to conserve moisture and again in fall; prune only if needed in early spring.
Zone 11: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in spring and fall to conserve moisture; divide clumps every few years in early spring; remove tattered foliage in spring as new foliage emerges.

Lenten Rose

lenten rose blooms in late winter to early spring

Evergreen or deciduous perennial with cup-shaped flowers of white to dark purple, blooming in late winter to early spring

Large, palmate dark-green foliage
Height: 12-18 inches; width: 12-18 inches
Plant in rich organic soil that is well drained in partial to full shade
Do not disturb roots of established plants
Prune away older foliage at beginning of blooming season

Hardy in USDA zones 4-9:
Zone 4: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; mulch in spring and again after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; plant in partial to full shade; water during dry periods; may be deciduous in this zone.
Zone 5: Plant in spring to avoid winter heaving; mulch in spring and again after first hard frost; avoid contact with salt; plant in partial to full shade; water during dry periods; may be deciduous in this zone.
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch after first hard frost; plant in partial to full shade; water during dry periods; usually evergreen in this zone.
Zone 7: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch after first hard frost; plant in partial to full shade; water during dry periods; evergreen in this zone.
Zone 8: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in fall; plant in partial to full shade; water during dry periods; evergreen in this zone.
Zone 9: Plant in spring or early fall; mulch in fall; plant in partial to full shade; water during dry periods; evergreen in this zone.

Fragrant Tea Olive

fragrant tea olive has fragrant white flowers

Upright evergreen shrub with fragrant white flowers

Plant in light to partial shade
Plant in average garden soil that is well drained
Height: 6-10 feet; width: 6-10 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 8-11:
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water when dry.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch after planting and again in spring; water when dry.
Zone 10: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch after planting and again in spring; water when dry.
Zone 11: Plant in early fall; plant in light to partial shade; mulch after planting and again in spring; water when dry.

Radicans Gardenia

radicans gardenia has white fragrant flowers

Low-growing evergreen shrub with white fragrant flowers from May to frost

Often used as a groundcover
Lustrous dark-green leaves
Plant in rich organic soil that is well drained
Plant in full sun to partial shade
Protect from winter wind
Prune in late winter
Height: 6-12 inches; width: 2-3 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 7-11:
Zone 7: Plant in early spring or fall; plant in full sun to light shade; water during dry periods; apply extra mulch in fall; foliage may suffer winter burn in this zone.
Zone 8: Plant in early spring or fall; plant in full sun to light shade; water during dry periods; apply extra mulch in fall.
Zone 9: Plant in early spring or fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; water during dry periods; apply extra mulch in fall.
Zone 10: Plant in early spring or fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; water during dry periods; apply extra mulch in fall.
Zone 11: Plant in early spring or fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; water during dry periods; apply extra mulch in fall.

Abelia ‘Edward Goucher’ – Pink Abelia

Semievergreen shrub with glossy green leaves that bronze in fall and lilac-pink flowers in summer
Attractive to bees and butterflies
Plant in full sun to partial shade; foliage and flowering is better in full sun
Plant in average garden soil that is well drained
Height: 5-6 feet; width: 5-6

Hardy in USDA zones 6-9:
Zone 6: Plant in spring or early fall; plant in full sun to light shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water when dry; may be completely deciduous in this zone.
Zone 7: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water when dry.
Zone 8: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again before first frost; water when dry.
Zone 9: Plant in early fall; plant in full sun to partial shade; mulch after planting and again in spring; water when dry.

Croton

croton is shrub with reddish foliage

Shrub with reddish foliage and racemes of yellow flowers in summer

Plant in bright to partial shade
Plant in moist but well-drained soil; do not allow soil to dry completely
Prefers warm temperatures from 60-85 degrees and high humidity
Fertilize monthly during growing season
Height: 4-8 feet; width: 4-8 feet

Annual, Patio or Houseplant in zones 2-9
Hardy in USDA zones 10-11:

Zones 2-9: Container-grow plant and keep indoors or in heated greenhouse; move outside when temperatures remain above 60 degrees; place by bright window with high humidity or mist daily during cold weather.
Zone 10: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.
Zone 11: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun; mulch to conserve moisture; do not allow soil to dry completely; water moderately during winter months; prune in early spring, if needed.

Flaming Sword Bromeliad

flaming sword bromeliad has striped foliage

Epiphytic bromeliad perennial with rosettes of swordlike striped foliage

Produces spikes of red bracts with yellow flowers in summer
Plant in bright to partial shade
Plant in standard bromeliad epiphytic potting mix or on a tree where hardy
Prefers warm temperatures from 70-85 degrees and high humidity
Keep rosettes filled with water during growing season, barely moist in winter
Height: to 3 feet; width: to 1 foot

Patio or Houseplant in zones 2-9
Hardy in USDA zones 10-11:

Zones 2-9: Container grow plant and keep indoors or in heated greenhouse; move outside when temperatures remain above 65 degrees; place by bright window with high humidity during cold weather.
Zone 10: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun; mulch to conserve moisture; keep rosettes filled with water; water lightly during winter months.
Zone 11: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun; mulch to conserve moisture; keep rosettes filled with water; water lightly during winter months.

Jungle Geranium

jungle geranium has cymes of red to pink flowers

Shrub with oblong glossy leaves and cymes of red to pink flowers from spring to autumn

Plant in bright to partial shade
Container plant in soilless potting mix or outdoors in rich, moist but well-drained soil
Prefers warm temperatures from 65-85 degrees and high humidity
Water frequently during growing season but sparingly in winter.
Height: 4-8 feet; width: 5-6 feet

Patio or Houseplant in zones 2-9
Hardy in USDA zones 10-11:

Zones 2-9: Container-grow plant and keep indoors or in heated greenhouse; move outside when temperatures remain above 70 degrees; place by bright window with high humidity during cold weather.
Zone 10: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun and wind; mulch to conserve moisture; water frequently during growing season and lightly during winter months.
Zone 11: Plant in spring in partial shade protected from hot sun and wind; mulch to conserve moisture; water frequently during growing season and lightly during winter months.

High Color Mini Banana

high color mini banana is dwarf variety

Dwarf variety of banana with red blotching on the foliage

Plant in full sun
Plant in moist but well-drained, rich soil
Fertilize in spring
Height: 3-4 feet; width: 3-4 feet

Hardy in USDA zones 8-10:
Zones 2-7: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; bring indoors before frost.
Zone 8: Plant in spring after danger of frost has passed; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; mulch in fall; remove dead foliage in the fall.
Zone 9: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; mulch in fall; remove dead foliage in the fall.
Zone 10: Plant in spring; plant in full sun; plant in moist, well-drained soil; mulch in fall; remove dead foliage in the fall.

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