When constructing your scarecrow’s cross frame, use two nails, spaced slightly apart. This will keep the horizontal piece firmly in place and prevent it from spinning around.
Choose a position near vulnerable crops and use a mallet to knock the vertical piece firmly into the ground.
You will need a selection of old clothes that you are happy to discard. Alternatively, look in thrift stores or garage sales for a suitable outfit. Feed the horizontal piece of wood through the shirt arms and secure.
Take a length of string or twine and tie it tightly around the bottom of the shirt to create a waist. This will also allow you to stuff the main part of the body without all of the stuffing falling out.
Just as with the waist, the sleeves of each shirt need tight binding to hold the stuffing. At a later stage, you could decide to sew or tie on a pair of stuffed gloves to give the scarecrow hands.
Straw is the traditional stuffing material because it is environmentally friendly. For a rustic look, leave bits of straw sticking out through the button holes and arms.
The pants will need to be stuffed before they are attached to the body. Before you start to stuff, hold the pants up against the scarecrow to see how long you should leave the legs, then tie string at that point.
Attach the pants by creating suspenders, tied through the belt loops on either side (or use real suspenders). Make them secure by tying string through the back belt loop and around the frame.
Use an old pair of boots or shoes to finish off the body. If you are sure that you are not going to be using them again, make a hole in the back of the boot to allow you to tie them on to the base of the pants.
An old pillowcase stuffed with straw — pulled down over the top of the frame — makes a good base for a head as it can be molded into the right shape and creates a blank canvas on which to draw a face.
Once you have roughly the right shape, tie a piece of string around the base of the pillowcase, also wrapping it around the frame. Button the shirt up as high as necessary in order to hide this away.
No scarecrow is complete without straw hair, ideally sticking out from beneath an old hat. Secure across the center of the head using a needle and thread, and then flatten it down a little. You could also use wool.