Maintaining a Fireplace and Chimney
Learn proper fireplace and chimney maintenance along with a few extra suggestions on proper home maintenance before and during the cold weather months.
- Check the chimney flashing. Check the bricks and mortar to make sure they are intact.
- Remove any plants or moss growing between the bricks.
- Check the chimney crown and fill any cracks or gaps with cement patch.
- Remove the chimney gap and check the flue liner for damage or obstructions.
- Check the fireplace for cracks or damage to the firebox.
- Look up the flue liner to look for creosote buildup.
- Remove the ashes with a flat shovel and dispose in a metal bucket. Ashes can be scattered on compost pile or in the garden.
- Have the fireplace professionally cleaned every year.
- Check the damper for proper operation.
- To clean stains in the firebox use chemical cleaner with a metal brush.
- The idea that stuffing fiberglass insulation into cracks will stop air filtration is a common misconception. Fiberglass is a good insulator and makes a great furnace filter, but it doesn't stop air infiltration. It may slow it down some, but caulk or closed cell foam is the best way to stop air filtration.
- Check in the crawl space to make sure the insulation is intact and that no critters have set up winter camp.
- It is always a good idea to replenish flashlight batteries. Winter brings ice storms and power outages.
- Test the smoke alarm and replace the batteries if they have not been changed in a while.
- Stock up on winter supplies before the first big snow storm arrives – a good snow shovel, ice melt and scrappers.
- And finally, after a big snow, check around the attic and basement for leaks.