More in Kitchen
Remove the doors, hinges and handles from the cabinets. Sand the doors and cabinet frames. Before you begin, hang plastic sheeting over the doorways to prevent dust from spreading throughout the house. Use a random-orbit sander with 100-grit paper to remove the old finish and a vibrating sander to give the wood a smooth surface. (Some random-orbit sanders can be attached to a wet/dry vacuum cleaner to minimize dust.) For grooves and other tight areas, use a sanding block or a detail sander with 60-grit paper. Be careful not to round off any square edges while sanding.
Mark and drill pilot holes if necessary, and secure the hinges to the doors with screws.
Apply a coat of oil-based primer to the cabinets and doors. Keep the coverage as consistent as possible. The primer will prevent the wood from soaking up too much paint. A primer/sealer does double duty by preventing stains from showing through
Use long, even strokes to apply a coat of oil-based paint to the cabinets and doors. For cabinets, oil-based paint is preferable to latex paint because it dries harder and has fewer tendencies to stick to your dishes. Be sure you have good ventilation when using oil-based paints.
Don't pinch pennies when buying paint and equipment. More expensive paints will last longer and be easier to apply. Better brushes allow you to paint more smoothly.
Paint the backs of the cabinets first. That way you won't coat your arms with paint.
For easier cleanup, line your paint bucket with aluminum foil.