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Although hardwearing, vinyl can be damaged by sharp objects or by heat, such as a cigarette burn. Re-covering an entire floor is expensive, but where vinyl has a pattern, such as "tiling," it can be used to aid the repair process. If you use this technique, be sure that the junctions between the patch and existing vinyl are firmly stuck down. Otherwise people may trip over them.
Cut a section of new vinyl slightly larger than the damaged "tile" area (Image 1).
Tape this piece loosely over the damaged area, making sure that it is aligned exactly with the pattern (Image 2).
Use a utility knife to cut through both layers of vinyl, using the "tile" edge as a guide line (Image 3).
Remove both sections of vinyl. As you lift out the damaged section, the cut shape will be revealed underneath.
Excerpted from Do It Yourself Home Improvement
© Dorling Kindersley Limited 2009