More in Kitchen
Before you start to install your kitchen cabinets, you should have removed the old kitchen, rerouted any utilities, and have the option to replace or finish the floor, if that is your plan. Always check that the entire cabinet order has arrived and is undamaged. Make sure that every item, right down to the screws, is checked off, because waiting for a second delivery can hold up the entire installation process. Installing a kitchen is a job for at least two people, especially when it comes to hanging large wall cabinets.
Take time to prepare the wall surfaces and assemble the kitchen cabinets before installing them. Drawing the first guide line for positioning cabinets is essential to the success of the whole project. Cabinets and countertops are heavy items, and you will need someone to help you lift them into position.
Laying Out Cabinets
Preparing the Cabinets
Installing the Cabinets
Use a tape measure to mark a point 34-1/2" above the floor level, for the top of the base cabinets (Image 1).
Use this mark to draw a horizontal guide line across the wall to indicate the top level of the base cabinets (Image 2).
Mark a point 19-1/2" plus countertop height above this line, and draw a line to mark the bottom of the wall cabinets (Image 3).
Measure the width of each of your cabinets and mark their positions across the horizontal guide lines. Mark the location of each stud.
For all cabinets that have attachment rails, drill a pilot hole through the rail into the cabinet. When you are ready to install the cabinet, you will have the necessary screw holes visible inside the cabinet. Pilot holes also help prevent the wood from splitting.
Once cabinets have been screwed in place, they are given their decorative finish. You will need to install doors, any trims such as decorative moldings, and hardware. The final look of the kitchen depends on these finishing touches, so it is important that the correct procedures and techniques are followed, and time and care is taken.
Replacing doors, drawers and handles can be a great way of updating a kitchen if changing the layout is unnecessary. If you are on a tight budget, you will be amazed how much the look of your kitchen can change with some paint and new hardware. You can paint almost any finish of kitchen cabinet, as well as tiles, but make sure you use the right paint and other materials — special primers will often be necessary. If you decide to change doors or drawers, make sure that the new ones are compatible with your existing cabinets.
Screw the hinge plate into its predrilled holes in the carcass (Image 1). Hinge plates often come with the screws already inserted.
Insert the hinge into the precut recesses on the doors, and screw it in place (Image 2). Be sure to use the correct short wood screws.
Position the door, with the hinges aligning with hinge plates, and use the screw already positioned in the hinge to join them (Image 3).
Tighten the central screw in the hinge plate to secure the door (Image 4). Follow the instructions below to align the doors perfectly.
Excerpted from Do It Yourself Home Improvement
© Dorling Kindersley Limited 2009