DIY Network

How to Grow Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is a cool-weather vegetable grown for its tasty leaves. The DIY Network garden experts show how to grow this tasty crop.

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bright lights swiss chard is mild and flavorful
  • Time

    Several Weekends

  • Price Range

    $1 - $50

  • Difficulty



Step 1: Purchase the Seeds

Swiss chard is a cool-weather vegetable grown for its tasty leaves. It is actually a beet that has been cultivated for its large edible leaves. There are many excellent varieties of Swiss chard, including Fordhook Giant, Bright Lights and Perpetual.

Step 2: Plant the Seeds

Although Swiss chard will grow in poor soil, it thrives if a little blood meal is worked into the bed. Plant seeds in early spring, when soil temperatures are between 50 and 65 degrees. Create shallow rows 18" apart. Place the seeds 2" apart in the rows and cover with 1/2" of soil. Water well.

notched side of planting board is for spacing

Step 3: Thin the Seedlings

Swiss chard will begin to germinate in about a week. When the seedlings are about 2" tall, thin them to one plant every 9" to 12". To remove seedlings, snip them off at soil level with a pair of scissors.

swiss chard takes from 5 to 15 days to germinate

Step 4: Cultivate the Swiss Chard

Midway through the growing season, give Swiss chard a boost with blood meal. Cover the blood meal with soil to keep it from washing away in the rain. Maintain an adequate level of moisture to prevent the plants from tasting bitter. A generous layer of mulch will help preserve moisture.

sprinkle blood meal in furrow

Step 5: Harvest the Swiss Chard

Swiss chard matures fully about three months after planting. Chard is a “cut-and-come-again” vegetable, which means that as outer leaves are removed, inner leaves will continue to replace them. When harvesting leaves, avoid cutting into the central growing bud as this will cause the plant to stop producing.

bright lights is showy variety of swiss chard