Natural wood finishes enhance rather than cover the grain of the wood. Learn more about the different finishes to help you choose the right one for your home.
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Natural oils and waxes are the most eco-friendly of wood finishes, although synthetic alternatives do exist. Beeswax and linseed oil are well known green finishes, but look out for safflower oil and carnauba wax as well. Water-based varnishes and stains also have good green credentials. Look at the manufacturer's label, check for any VOC content and determine exactly what ingredients have been used. For the application of eco-friendly products, follow the guide below.
Natural wood finishes, especially those that soak into the grain, are often difficult to remove, so take time to think about your requirements and choose the right product. Protection offered by natural finishes varies. Dye, for example, may offer no protection by itself. Always buy a suitable interior or exterior formula. Consider if you want an almost invisible coat or would prefer some color or gloss. Also, think about how much time you are prepared to spend on application—there may be one-coat options available. Finally, look out for eco-friendly options, such as water-based varnishes and stains or products made from 100-percent natural ingredients.
Hardwearing, transparent or colored, decorative and preservative finish that highlights and protects the wood surface below. Matte and high-gloss versions are available. You can buy water-based and oil-based types.
For interior or exterior use as specified. Can be used on bare wood or to protect unsealed finishes, such as dye. Covers 600 to 900 square feet per gallon. May need several coats. Apply with a brush for the best finish.
Soaks into the wood to provide a decorative and sometimes preservative finish. Darkens or colors wood. Matte to gloss, water-based and oil-based types are available.
For interior or exterior use as specified. Use as a finish or coat with varnish for extra durability. Apply to clean, bare wood for a true color. Covers 400 to 1,000 square feet per gallon. May need several coats. Apply with a brush for the best finish.
Excerpted from Do It Yourself Home Improvement
© Dorling Kindersley Limited 2009